Глобальные тренды и перспективы научно-технологического развития Российской Федерации: краткие тезисы: доклад к XVIII Апр. междунар. науч. конф. по проблемам развития экономики и общества, Москва, 11–14 апр. 2017 г.
The paper suggests a model for verifying ways to identify scientific-technological priorities in Russia and suggests instruments for their implementation and correction. Our model for the identification of priorities is based on Russia’s socio-economic development goals, and takes into account the impact of different scientific and technological development scenarios on the implementation of models of socio-economic arrangement. Based on this logic, a group of technological priorities invariant to the wider spectrum of national economic and social goals is suggested.World economic, social, and scientific-technological trends and their Russian projections are taken as exogenous factors for choosing technological priorities. The suggested approach is based on the assumption that a new system of priorities should ensure support for implementing strategic development goals and tasks in the medium- and long term, and aims to help define these goals and tasks more accurately.As a result, the paper identifies two groups of priorities. The first group outlines the already institutionalized directions of technological development while the second group outlines directions for institutionalization in the near future. The suggested logic is illustrated through analysis of five world trends and their applications in Russia, and we highlight which technologies will be driven by these global trends.
This article focuses on key skills of researchers and engineers in the field of robotics, which are demanded by employers in Russia and in the world. Information about demanded skills is collected using two methods: the text-mining analysis of open-access vacancies in the field of robotics both in Russia and abroad, and in-depth interviews with Russian employers. Lists of the most demanded skills in Russia and abroad coincide. Russian specifics are the importance of English language proficiency and knowledge of national standards for technical documentation.