Пространственное развитие региона: теория, методология, аналитика
The article presents the methodology of a comprehensive research on HEIs’ role in regional development. The methodology was adapted to study the North-Eastern Federal University experience in facilitating Far Eastern Federal District economic and social development. To evaluate the university’s role in facilitating regional development three key dimensions were examined: innovation, education and research, socio-cultural sphere. These dimensions correspond to the federal universities’ functions, and meet development trends of Far Eastern Federal District. A toolkit for analysis of the North-Eastern Federal University development programme effectiveness was developed in the framework of the research. Evaluation of Far Eastern Federal District social and economic development trends and implementation of the North-Eastern Federal University development programme enabled to provide recommendations for the university future development. The research outcomes are of applied nature and can be used for elaboration of the university’s strategic development concept, and amendment of the ongoing university’s development programme. The conducted research creates foundation for the university’s effective contribution to the territory development. The research was conducted in the framework of the project “Analysis of the NEFU’s role in the development of the territory on the basis of the OECD methodology adapted for Russian universities to develop recommendations for enhancement of university’s influence on innovative, technological, educational and socio-cultural development of the region”, implemented within the contract № 1537-09/12, 24.09.2012 by the Institute of International Organisations of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” and Department for Strategic Development of North-Eastern Federal University in 2012.
The article presents the main outcomes of a comprehensive research on the North-Eastern Federal University role in development of Far Eastern Federal District. The article includes outcomes of the field and desk studies: analysis of statistical data on socio-economic development of the Far Eastern District, self-assessment of North Eastern Federal University departments, surveys on the basis of formalized experts’ interviews and focus groups of various stakeholders. The research revealed the university tangible impact on the city (Yakutsk) and the Republic of Sakha development. However, the university needs a strategy to promote its influence in other Far Eastern regions and strengthen its positions in the Republic of Sakha. The analysis demonstrates that the university possesses necessary capacities to strengthen its positions to generate influence on territorial development in Far Eastern Federal District. However, utilization of the potential would require an agreement on a strategy to go ahead and harnessing of resources. The research is conducted in the framework of the project “Analysis of the NEFU’s role in the development of the territory on the basis of the OECD methodology adapted for Russian universities to develop recommendations for enhancement university’s influence on innovative, technological, educational and socio-cultural development of the region”, implemented within the contract № 1537-09/12, 24.09.2012 by the Institute of International Organisations of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” and Department for Strategic Development of North Eastern Federal University in 2012.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.