Международное экологическое право и международные экономические отношения
Relations of public entities concerning sustainable use and protection of natural resources are regulated by international environmental law. But after natural resources gain their value and move from one’s state economy to the economies of other states, they become an object of international economic law regulation. Thus, for example, fixing up carbon dioxide emissions quotas is a matter of international environmental law. At the same time international trade relations concerning these quotas are regulated by international economic law (international trade law, in particular). The concept of sustainable development should be the basic element of interaction of international environmental law and international economic law. The concept of sustainable development is a ground not only for environmental international treaties, but also for economic international treaties. Thus according to the Preamble of the Marrakesh Agreement establishing WTO, economic development is determined by “allowing for the optimal use of the world’s resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development, seeking both to protect and preserve the environment”. Further on we may see specification of that statement in other multilateral WTO agreements and in practice of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body. On the other hand, about 20 multilateral environmental agreements stipulate restrictions in the sphere of international economic relations. For instance, Convention on biological diversity of 1992 settle non-tariff measures of international trade aimed at protection of biodiversity. Thus, multilateral environmental agreements and multilateral economic agreements often regulate the same international relations between the same subjects
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
This 28-chapter volume brings together academics and practitioners to provide a comprehensive legal, economic and political analysis of the Belt and Road (BRI) initiative that has emerged since 2013 as a key feature of China’s international economic policy. The contributions offer a fundamentally novel approach towards international trade, investment and global governance in an unsettled time of shifting geopolitics when many institutions developed in the West are being called into question. The book covers a broad range of BRI-related international economic law and policy issues, including trade facilitation and connectivity, economics and geopolitics of new trade routes, foreign direct investment law, bilateral investment treaties, free trade agreements, financing of infrastructure, development aid, and international dispute resolution, and regional economic integration.
This article about security problems of material flow management in supply chains of exporters and importers. There is an analysis of system of standards for supporting of international trading and security of supply chains, created by ICO, and recommended to members of ITO. In focus of article is new participant in system of economic operator authorized. Also the principles of collaboration of supply chain agents open for security support in frames «custom-house/custom-house» and «custome-house/business».
There are no comprehensive studies of changes in the insurance market because of the influence of important factors. The article aims to conduct a qualitative study of the impact of major external factors on the activity of Russian insurance companies. This will be reviewed and summarized experts` opinion.
Collection of articles on topical issues of international law and international economic law. Prepared in honor of the sixtieth anniversary of the leading specialist in the field of international economic law, Professor, Doctor of Law, Head of the Department of International Law of the Russian Foreign Trade Academy - Vladimir Mikhailovich Shumilov.
The article discusses the impact of import tariff reductions, prescribed by the terms of Russia's accession to the WTO, on a number of industries based on the proposed concept of critical product analysis. We identify a number of changes in customs regulations, that create serious risks in such sectors as ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical industry, timber industry complex, aerospace complex, engineering, that create an urgent need for the government to develop a plan of compensatory measures.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/