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Международное экологическое право и международные экономические отношения

Relations of public entities concerning sustainable use and protection of natural resources are regulated by international environmental law. But after natural resources gain their value and move from one’s state economy to the economies of other states, they become an object of international economic law regulation. Thus, for example, fixing up carbon dioxide emissions quotas is a matter of international environmental law. At the same time international trade relations concerning these quotas are regulated by international economic law (international trade law, in particular). The concept of sustainable development should be the basic element of interaction of international environmental law and international economic law. The concept of sustainable development is a ground not only for environmental international treaties, but also for economic international treaties. Thus according to the Preamble of the Marrakesh Agreement establishing WTO, economic development is determined by “allowing for the optimal use of the world’s resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development, seeking both to protect and preserve the environment”. Further on we may see specification of that statement in other multilateral WTO agreements and in practice of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body. On the other hand, about 20 multilateral environmental agreements stipulate restrictions in the sphere of international economic relations. For instance, Convention on biological diversity of 1992 settle non-tariff measures of international trade aimed at protection of biodiversity. Thus, multilateral environmental agreements and multilateral economic agreements often regulate the same international relations between the same subjects

Международное экологическое право и международные экономические отношения