Жизнь вопреки: стратегии выживания нацистского женского концентрационного лагеря Равенсбрюк (1939-1945 гг.)
The Sonderkommando—the “special squad” of enslaved Jewish laborers who were forced to work in the gas chambers and crematoria of Auschwitz-Birkenau—comprise one of the most fascinating and troubling topics within Holocaust history. As eyewitnesses to and unwilling abettors of the murder of their fellow Jews, they are the object of fierce condemnation even today. Yet it was a group of these seemingly compromised men who carried out the revolt of October 7, 1944, one of the most celebrated acts of Holocaust resistance. This interdisciplinary collection assembles careful investigations into how the Sonderkommando have been represented—by themselves and by others—both during and after the Holocaust.
In his article the author considers Russias problems in the context of Dresden. Three fi gures of Russian culture which have infl uenced European spirituality - Bakunin, Dostoevsky, Stepun - as fate would have formulated the most important postulates of their concepts was in Dresden. Near to them the author raises the congenial fi gure of Hoffmann, Wagner and Tillich. During the Dresden uprising in May 1849 Bakunin proposed to cover the barricade Madonna by Raphael. In Dresden Dostoevsky wrote a great novel The Possessed, which depicted the dire consequences for European culture Bakunin ideas that paved the way for Bolshevism and Nazism. In Dresden at 30 years of the last century in the texts Stepun and Paul Tillich arose again the theme of demonic.
In his article V.K. Kantor considers complicated relations Russian emigres with these west-european functionaries, who have built organizations, structures, to assist survive Russian intellectuals. Author analyses this problem examining letters of F. Stepun to G. Kullmann. Author also publishes archived letters of Stepun to Kullmann.