Encyclopedia of the Barents Region
A comprehensive encyclopedia of the Northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia The Barents region comprises the northernmost parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. It was established in 1993 as a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and it is also the first macroregion to move beyond the Cold War's Iron Curtain. Six million people live in the Barents Region. As is the case with nations, there are different understandings of what constitutes a region. Are regions deeply grounded in history and culture or are they created by actors for instrumental reasons? The Barents Region is the prototype of a region made by concrete actors for political purposes, but the historical account shows that there were transnational contacts even before this novel political construction came into being. The encyclopedia represents the ultimate guide to the region bridging the gap between Russia and the Nordic countries in terms of geography, history, ethnicity, religion, cultural content, political systems and economies. It fullfills the project about the Barents Region which started with The Barents Region. A Transnational History of Subarctic Northern Europe. This first book provides a research-based history of the Barents Region from 800-2010 written by history researcher within the thirteen sub-regions of the Barents Region.
Russian travellers have played a significant role in Arctic explorations. Some of them sacrificed their lives to bring knowledge of this region to the rest of the world.
As a remote, northern and Arctic territory the Barents Region is associated with something exotic and extreme. It has attracted individual adventurous travellers for centuries. The tourism development paths have been different in various parts of the region due to differences in natural, social and political environment.