Социология и общество: социальное неравенство и социальная справедливость (Екатеринбург , 19-21 октября 2016 года). Материалы V Всероссийского социологического конгресса
In this article, we discuss the main theoretical approaches to the interpretation of migration biographies and distinguish the main motives and factors of spatial movements. We also analyze the relationship between migration movements and social mobility. In addition, considerable attention is given to key methodological approaches to the analysis of migration and migration biographies. In particular, we examine the biographical method to reconstruct the trajectory of the migration of the individual throughout his or her life. Also highlighted, in particular, is the use of advanced methods of statistical analysis – event history analysis and sequence analysis – which take a considerable amount of time and require ample creativity in preparing data.
The paper exmines methodological reflection on current discussion about “third methodological movement” (or “third research community”) that supposes the combination of the qualitative and quantitative approaches to implement the multimethod research strategy for more comprehensive understanding of social phenomenon. The main steps on the development of the methodological movement, Russian translation of the term ‘MMR’ and current competitive classifications of the research designs are described. The perspectives are discussed in the last part of the paper.
The article discusses the main difficulties in emotion research in sociology, which are associated with a variety of different definitions and classifications of emotions as well as the difficulties of detection and identification of emotions in the process of empirical research. The author presents a new methodological strategies in empirical studies of emotions, which are mainly based on the combination of different methods which researchers use simultaneously or sequentially for the study of certain emotional states and processes in various structural and institutional social contexts. The analysis includes the latest research conducted by American, Australian and European sociologists.
The article discusses the ambiguity of the definition of "social problems", argued the media influence on the formation and construction of social problems in the community, analyze the basic mechanisms used by the media for the construction of a social problem and considered as an example - a disease caused by the Ebola virus (EVD), carried out comparative characteristics media coverage of the Ebola and influenza, in order to form part of the society of how and why the Russian media coverage of the events.
Some classical and contemporary treatments of justice in sociology, interrelations of the concepts of social justice, on the one hand, and of legitimacy, recognition, majority and minority, on the other hand.
In this paper, we summarize the results of recent studies on the application of pattern mining and machine learning to the analysis of demographic sequences. The main goal is the demonstration of demographers’ needs, including next-event prediction and the extraction of interesting patterns from substantial datasets of demographic data, which cannot be handled by conventional demographic techniques. We use decision trees as a technique for demographic event prediction, and emerging sequential patterns and pattern structures for discovering relevant interpretable sequences. The emerging problem statements and positive prospects of the usage of pattern mining in the demography domain are worth dissemination in the data mining community.
The formulation of the task of joining the five Russian universities in the world s top hundred universities by 2020 has exacerbated the problem of choosing institutional development guidelines for universities. Since the 1990s universities exist in a dual organizational position: institutions and business organizations. The article proves the impossibility of effective existence in such a "marginal" state. The solution of the problem of the development of science and, as a consequence, entry into the list of world university leaders is possible only when choosing the benchmark for the development of the organization as an institution.
We investigated the factors which influence whether people prefer marriage or cohabitation as the first union. We revealed that the generations who were before 1965 chose marriage in 75% of cases. People were born after 1975 preferred cohabitation (55% of cases).
The revealed factors confirm the main tendencies of the Second Demographic Transition: people who prefer marriage as the first union more often conceived a child before starting a union; they lived with parents before the start of the union; they came from wealthy families; and they postponed their careers. The only difference is that, usually, people who started with cohabitations have higher education, but in Russia these are people with lower levels of education.
In the paper, we used only one instrument from the palette of Sequence Analysis methods, the chronogram. But it was enough to show a variety of interesting differences in transition to adulthood among generations and genders. We revealed that new generations have one “new” event – cohabitation. Previous generations had it, but not so commonly as youngsters do now. Previous generations tended to start all the biographies (socioeconomic and demographic) earlier than new ones. Women are more “experienced” than men in the demographic sphere: at the age of 35 they more often have a child but already cease to have a partner or spouse. Men at the age of 35 more often have children and a partner or spouse.