Babel und Bibel 7: Annual of Ancient Near Eastern, Old Testament, and Semitic Studies
This is the seventh volume of Babel und Bibel, an annual of ancient Near Eastern, Old Testament, and Semitic studies. The principal goal of the annual is to reveal the inherent relationship between Assyriology, Semitics, and biblical studies—a relationship that our predecessors comprehended and fruitfully explored but that is often neglected today. The title Babel und Bibel is intended to point to the possibility of fruitful collaboration among the three disciplines, in an effort to explore the various civilizations of the ancient Near East.
Šimâ milka is an Akkadian literary text belonging to the genre of instructions. It survives in manuscripts from Ugarit, Emar, Hattuša and Kalhu. This article is the ﬁrst of a series in which a complete new edition of this composition will hopefully be published.
The book describes bricks stamped with Aramaic and/or figural impressions from Babylon of the sixth century B.C. The book under review is not only a catalogue of bricks with Aramaic impressions and figurative stamps. The authors analyze catalogued items from several viewpoints, among which the most important are the following: 1) paleography and the significance of these documents for the history of Aramaic writing; 2) interpretation of the images found on Neo-Babylonian bricks; 3) onomastics and its bearing on the ethno-linguistic situation in Babylon during several decades of the sixth century B.C. The book of B. Sass and J. Marzahn provides sufficient comparative material for the sixth century Aramaic writing to help solving problems of dating some Aramaic texts.
The article deals with the problem of the phonetic status of the glottal stop in Harari (Southern Ethiopian Semitic). Special attention is paid to the opposition between the glottal stop and zero, which is the key aspect of the problem under investigation. The behavior of the glottal stop in various positions in a word is analyzed, minimal pairs illustrating the contrast between the glottal stop and other consonants (as well as 0) are presented, and the paradigmatically significant oppositions are investigated.
The article presents an up-to-date Introduction to the epistolary corpus of Yaqqim-Addu and new interpretations of poorly understood passages. The Introduction includes, among other things, an essay on dating the letters within the reign of Zimri-Lim and an attempt at establishing the ratio of Yaqqim-Addu’s extant letters to their erstwhile number. For the authors, the language of the corpus is a “peripheral,” i. e., non-native Akkadian. This view is corroborated by new West-Semitic loanwords found in the corpus. Particularly telling are new instances of ad hoc use of West-Semitic vocabulary instead of trivial Akkadian words.
The article presents an edition of a Hittite epistolary fragment dating back to late Hittite Empire period. The content of the document may be of some import for the reconstruction of the political history of Upper Mesopotamia of the XIIIth century BCE.