Зло и свобода. Рассуждения в связи с «Религией в пределах только разума» Иммануила Канта
The book explores the necessary relations between freedom and evil. Their neglect may not impede the construction of an abstract idea of freedom, but will preclude our comprehension of freedom as an always concrete practice of emancipation. Why is pure moral philosophy or normative ethics myopic toward this distinction between “freedom as an idea” and “freedom as emancipation”? How to overcome this myopia and how does this overcoming affect the character of ethical thought through its historicization and politicization? Does the ethical thought thus transmogrified have to retain certain key concepts of the pure moral philosophy, beginning with the formal concept of duty, in order to become consistently and uncompromisingly historical and political? These questions are the centerpiece of this book. The inquiries related to them evolve in the context of a critical examination of the Kantian moral philosophy, which encompasses both its metaphysical “canon” and a daring attempt to revise it recorded in the later writings of Kant. His Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is the most vivid example of this attempt.
The present book is addressed to all those interested in moral philosophy and political philosophy, to those who study and teach these disciplines.