Strategies of Public Presentation
Successful maintenance of interpersonal interaction depends to a large extent on the ability of the participants to build and develop rapport. To achieve this, the communication participant performing the role of the speaker may use other-enhancement strategies, aimed at concentration on the listener and his/her involvement in interaction. Such strategies include pre-messages, narrative insertions, and questions for keeping the conversation going.
Interpersonal communication affects interpersonal relationships dynamics while predominantly being geared to non-conflict interaction. The present paper is aimed at analyzing the interlocutors’ communicative orientation towards a “comfortable” encounter in the psycho- and socio-linguistic framework. Examination of the strategy of communicative convergence is important for providing a better understanding of the interpersonal communication efficiency.
Seit 2010 entwickelt sich an der Staatlichen Universität Hochschule für Wirtschaft in Nischnij Nowgorod ein Sprachkurs für Studenten aus Österreich, der nicht nur Kenntnisse über russische Kultur und Geschichte bereichert, sondern auch neue Freunde finden hilft. Der Kurs besteht aus zwei Teilen und die Struktur lässt ihn auch in andere Sprachen und Kulturen integrieren. Ersten Teil bilden gemeinsame Diskussionen, die zweisprachig durchgeführt werden (russische Studenten sprechen Deutsch, österreichische Russisch): es werden besprochen solche Themen wie kulturelle Stereotype und Vorurteile, Nationalhymne, Neujahrsansprachen der Präsidenten, Schulsystem, Sprache, Namen in der Stadt. Der zweite Teil lockt in die Hochschule alle ausländischen Studenten zur Besprechung der Ereignisse neuester Geschichte Russlands, die in der Fernsehsendung „Namedni” gezeigt werden.
Die Methodik der bilateralen Diskussionen und die Kontrolle mit Hilfe des LMS-Systems können erfolgreich auch in anderen Sprachkursen verwendet werden
This article emphasizes the importance of the ability to speak in public. The article reviews the practices in gain knowledge of speaking in public successfully. It deals with major problems that speakers face while making presentations. Particular attention is paid to the necessity of analyzing the audience before delivering a presentation and adapting to it during the performance. It is pointed out that it is essential to keep the attention of the audience and maintain your credibility. Some advice is given to possible ways of how to react to audience’s feedback on your speech and adjust what you say to make it clear, appropriate and convincing. Giving a speech has been listed one of the greatest fears people have. In this concept it is discussed why this nervousness occurs and what can be done about it. One of the major problems inexperienced speakers have to overcome is performance anxiety; advice is given on how to deal with it. Adequate ways of reacting to interferences and disturbances are also discussed.
The question of social problems often meets with a central epistemological issue; how do we know that a given social problem actually exists? This article takes on this issue with a constructionist approach, employing the rhetorical deconstruction of media discourse witnessed in the work of Ibarra and Kitsuse. In such terms a social problem does not exist independently, it can only be considered to exist with reference to some linguistic version that produces it. Social Constructionism is seen to be the most suitable approach for the research of the processes of media communication as it allows the researcher to deconstruct this discourse into its constituent fragments, which can then be analysed . A review of this theory is provided to acquaint the reader with the strength of this approach. The media world is seen as a place that, rather than faithfully reflecting social reality, actually contributes to the construction of social reality. The focus of this article is the application of constructionism to the talk show ‘Gordon Quixote’, which is dedicated to discussion of the ‘social issue’ of glamour. The analysis of this programme allows us to reveal the strategies of problematisation and deproblematisation of glamour as a social and cultural phenomenon. This leads the author to the conclusion that television programmes are creating only the appearance of public discussion on the ‘hot topics’ of the day, in as far as they choose what things to make into ‘hot topics’. This means the creation of ‘scarecrow’ topics that are not really connected to serious issues. The presenter can take on the role of the knight furiously fighting windmills in the classic quixotic sense. The great source of excitement in the mass media is linked with the internal prerogative to successfully market one’s programming and appear ‘non-conformist’ in the treatment of issues before a skeptical audience.
Competence in group communication is an essential part of communicative competence. The article considers the problem of assessing polylogical speaking skills in English language teaching (ELT). The purpose of the study is to work out the criteria of effective communication in a class polylogue in English as a foreign language. Assessment criteria of speaking skills of polylogue participants are designed on the basis of characteristic features and functional peculiarities of a polylogue as compared to a dialogue. The assessment grid for EFL teachers with sample discourse markers of an English polylogue is offered. The results of the study may present interest for ELT practices in polylogue communication.