The article introduces first results of 3-years research on practices of manga reading in Russia. It builds upon participant observation in manga reading communities, focus groups, expert interviews and an online survey (1545 participants). The article gives information about age and geographical scope of Russian manga readers, characterizes reading contexts and the main influences of this activity on the readers. The educational motivations, alternative temporality, different scenarios of emotional attachment and reception in the process of reading are examined in details.
The article is focused upon slow reading, its inner structure and its historical fate in context of late modernity. The slow reading is placed into the flow of life activity as a practice incorporated into it and treated as ongoing action aimed at achieving the understanding which includes reconstruction and appropriation of text and context. Various contextual properties and aspects of this practice are considered through such cases as reading scientific and scholarly texts, translating, reading sacred texts, poetry and news. Then contemporary decline of slow reading is discussed in perspective of ecology of occupations and inscribed into general trend of displacement of slow ways of doing by fast ways, connected with domination and expansion of capitalist rationality and ever-increasing advance of capitalist modes of time use in all areas of human life activity.
The paper is devoted to creation of Android applications "Read&Listen" for reading of the electronic text books and listening to the audiobooks. The program allows to combine these two processes and automate the switching between the two types of books. The search for matches in transcription of the audio books and e-books is carried out using the algorithm of shingles.
Specific features of scientific publishing in a digital society are analyzed. The concept of the e-book is described. The role and functions of publishing houses focused on the publication of scientific literature are reviewed. The differences between the use of copyrights for scientific literature and all other types of publications are specified. In those cases where the government contributes to the funding of scientific literature through research foundations, it is proposed to limit the role of publishing houses to technical functions related to layout design and thus ensure the subsequent inclusion of scientific publications in open free access. The possibility of expanding the list of scientific literature items that can be supported publicly is justified. The need to legally support the digitalization of scientific literature published in the Soviet Union and its subsequent inclusion into open access is discussed.