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Regular version of the site

Book

Civil Society, Chinese Style: The Rise of the Nonprofit Sector in Post-Mao China

2012.
Smith D. H., Chao G., Jun X., Zhibin Z.

Description of the Voluntary Nonprofit Sector in contemporary China. Counting unregistered grassroots associations, China now has the second largest Voluntary Nonprofit Sector (VNPS) in the world, after the USA. The US has a much higher density of nonprofits, especially grassroots associations, but China's population is over four times as large. Much of the article describes the difficulties that nonprofits in China have in registering with the central government, and alternative pathways they use to gain some recognition when government registration is delayed or refused, which is common. Without such registration, All Chinese nonprofits are technically illegal, and cannot own or rent an office or building, have a bank account, hire staff, etc. Tax exemption even for properly registered nonprofits is rare. Nearly all national associations are government controlled, but unregistered local, all-volunteer (grassroots) associations are relatively free. The latter constitute an estimated 95% of the VNPS in China.

Civil Society, Chinese Style: The Rise of the Nonprofit Sector in Post-Mao China