Индикаторы инновационной деятельности: 2016: статистический сборник
This proceeding volume contains selected contributions from the participants of the IV International Young Researchers Conference: Physics, Technologies and Innovation (PTI-2017) held from May 15 to 19, 2017 in Ekaterinburg, Russia. The conference continued the tradition of annual meetings in the general area of modern science and innovative technology. This, fourth, conference was organized and held by the Institute of Physics and Technology of the Ural Federal University, one of the largest educational institutions in Russia. The primary aim of the conference was providing the opportunity for younger researchers (of graduate and postgraduate level) to meet and discuss the results of their studies, and to present their work in front of a panel of national and international experts. To encourage graduate and postgraduate students to attend and make the meeting as accessible as possible, the conference this year, same as previously, was totally free of charge for all the participants.
These proceedings represent the work of contributors to the 9th European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation jECIE 2014), hosted this year by University of Ulster Business School and the School of Social Enterprises Ireland, Belfast, UK, on the 18-19 September 2014. The Conference Co-Chairs are Dr Brendan Galbraith, Dr Sandra Moffett, University of Ulster, Belfast, UK, Professor Ken O'Neill and Professor Jackie McCoy, School of Social Enterprises Ireland.
ECIE continues to develop and evolve. Now in its 9th year the key aim remains the opportunity for participants to share ideas and meet the people who hold them. The scope of papers will ensure an interesting two days. The subjects covered illustrate the wide range of topics that fall into this important and growing area of research. The theme of this year's conference is Societal-driven Innovation and Entrepreneurship' and we are pleased with the range of research that has been submitted this year on the topic.
The opening keynote presentation is given by Micheal Pyner, Social Entrepreneur and Creative Advisor and will address the topic of "Innovating for Community Good". This is followed by Dr Stephen E. Cross, Executive Vice President of Research, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA - who will speak on the topic of "The influence of social courage on innovation ecosystems" and Fr Myles Kavanagh CP, Flax Trust, Northern Ireland, UK will give a talk entitled "A blast from the past". Our final keynote will be delivered by Mr. Roberto Santoro (Italy) President of the European Society of Concurrent Engineering Network (ESoCE Net) on the topic of "People Olympics for Healthy and Active Living: A People Driven Social Innovation Platform".
in addition to the main themes of the conference there are a number of specialist mini tracks on topics including Innovation and strategy, Entrepreneurship education in action, The theory and practice of collaboration in entrepreneurship and Challenges for entrepreneurship and innovation n the 21st Century.
With an initial submission of 178 abstracts, after the double blind, peer review process there are 56 Academic Research papers, 1 Master Research paper 2 Non Academic papers, 13 PhD Research papers and 1 work-in-progress paper published in these Conference Proceedings. These papers represent research from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mex- co, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, UK, USA.
Dr Brendan Galbraith
University of Ulster Business School, Belfast, UK September 2014
Many efforts have been done in developing the national innovation system (NIS) concept. However, there are the limitations, which do not allow to make it operable and effective in practice. This investigation attempts to eliminate some limitations of the approach. The NIS is presented as three interrelated macro blocs: business environment, environment producing new knowledge and knowledge transfer mechanism. The principles of performance and effi-ciency measuring of NIS are proposed. The system structure-object and functional approaches to NIS performance and efficiency are applied. The former is used for decomposition of NIS objects of high aggregation level. The latter is available for analysis of NIS efficiency and its factors. The methods allow to estimate the NIS component by component and identify the cause-effect chains of factors impacts on its elements. The key policy tools tailored to liqui-date and mitigate market failure and NIS dysfunctions are proposed. Keywords: innovation activity, structure-object decomposition, functional analysis, effi-ciency, factors, innovation policy, stages of development
The collective monograph includes practical and theoretical materials on the questions of innovation activity in the system of education.
The authors of this paper present the results of their studies of genesis of the notion «innovation» and adjacent terms in regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, since 1998.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.