Правовые основы менеджмента и публичного управления
The authors of this article analyze the conception of law originated by Leon Petrazycki and stress importance of this conception for the contemporary science of law. In author’s opinion, Petrazycki in the beginning of the 20th century formulated the key ideas which later on were introduced by other Western legal thinkers into the scientific discussions. These ideas became the main object of philosophical discussions about law in the 20th century.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.