Libanos, Ethiopian Saint, entry
The New Russian Encyclopedia is a fundamental reference publication in 18 volumes that characterizes nature, population, economy, history, science, art, technology and other important aspects. Contains about 60,000 articles, about 30,000 biographies, about 15,000 color illustrations, maps, charts, diagrams, tables. Leaves since 2003.
Encyclopedia includes more than 150 articles on applied cultural studies. Reflects the theoretical and methodological foundations of applied cultural studies, its tools, concepts, subject areas, etc.
The present article provides an interesting example of how Christian discussions of the abolition of circumcision – originally developed as part of the process of Christian emancipation from the Old Testament law – became revitalized in Christian-Muslim polemic in the medieval Middle East. The chapter on the abolition of circumcision from the comprehensive ‘Nestorian’ encyclopedic work of the mid-10th–early 11th century entitled Kitāb al-Maǧdal (‘The Tower’) is edited and translated in full. The edition of the Arabic text is based on two manuscripts: Paris, BnF Ar. 190 and Cambridge University Library Add. 3163 (=3293).
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.