Геологоразведка, добыча и переработка полезных ископаемых: перспективы научно-технологического развития
Exploration, Mining and Processing of Mineral Resources: Prospects for Science and Technology / N. Alekseeva, L. Gokhberg, O. Klimanova et al.; National Research University Higher School of Economics; Lomonosov Moscow State University. – Moscow : HSE, 2015.
Importance Analysis of the development of the Russian economy and strategic documents shows that the resource potential of the country in the foreseeable future will play a significant role in the socio-economic development of the country. The article deals with discussion questions to increase production and allocation of oil revenues in a planned innovative development of the country. However, there is a risk reduction of planned production volumes, due to the problems of reproduction of the raw material base oil.
Objective Based on theoretical approaches to sustainable territorial development to identify ways of using the rental income from the exploitation of oil resources in relation to current conditions in Russia. Analyze problems falling replacement of reserves of oil and determine the direction out of the situation.
Methods Methodological basis for achieving the goals are the systematic approach and statistical analysis methods.Results. Based on the theoretical foundations of sustainable territorial development shows that the rental income from the exploitation of oil resources should be directed to the artificial capital which can be used later generations. The reasons fall reproduction oil reserves, of which the main is to reduce the amount of exploration. The basic ways of solving problems. The article shows that the reproduction of the mineral resource base of the country is impossible without the regulatory role of the state
Results Based on the theoretical foundations of sustainable territorial development shows that the rental income from the exploitation of oil resources should be directed to the artificial capital which can be used later generations. The reasons fall reproduction oil reserves, of which the main is to reduce the amount of exploration. The basic ways of solving problems. The article shows that the reproduction of the mineral resource base of the country is impossible without the regulatory role of the state.
Conclusions and Relevance The paper substantiates the necessity to use oil revenues to the development of manufacturing industry, high-tech industries, infrastructure, strengthening the country's defense. Proposals for the development of raw material base oil. For this state, as the owner of the subsoil must use the available funds: strengthening control over nedropoldzovaniem, development of legislation, the creation of programs of study and development of mineral resources, exploration activities. To attract investors in large projects need state guarantees, reducing business risks, the possibility of assignment or sale of identified reserves.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.