Русская власть и бюрократическое государство: коллективная монография
The chapter of A.Obolonsky headed "Russian Bureaucratic Policean State: the Histoiry and Contemporary Crisis" describes and analyses the evolution of Russian state service, beginning the 18th century up to current time.
In his book, Alexander Marey explores the history of the concept of authority. Along with power, authority is one of the most important concepts of political and social philosophy. But despite the fact that the contexts in which the term “authority” occurs, as well as the overall meaning of the concept, are quite familiar, the concept remains understudied, and its history has never before been written. The author examines the nature of authority, the ways in which authority is related to power, morality, politics, and law. In this book, the reader will find answers to many fundamental questions. What is the secret of influence of one person on another? What are the mechanisms of subordination? Why was the concept of authority of such importance for the Roman Republic, for the Christian monarchies of the Middle Ages, and for the authoritarian regimes of the XX century? What might the future of this concept be? All these questions are discussed in the book “Authority, or Submission without Violence”.
The paper gives a brief overview of some authority denotations in Old Frisian, roughly grouped as administrative, judical and ecclesiastical terms. 64 compounds are considered in terms of their constitution and semantic type. Several generic conclusions are drawn, and, which is highly important, they are in line with the conclusions of a larger PhD-project investigating peculiarities of 2,400 Old Frisian nominal compounds -- the research that is yet to be finished.
The article is devoted to the newest history of attempts to create the new model of public administration more corresponding to mofern criterium of effectiveness, public needs and expectations. It is grounded mainly at the analysis of materials on USA. However, the basic presuppositions and conclusions are, by the authors' opinion, the contribution in modern theory of state.
Corruption has been a constant factor in Russia’s political economy. From one era to another, the multifarious forms of corruption continue to pervade Russian politics despite sincere and insincere efforts to fight it. The election of Vladimir Putin as president in 2000 brought a new effort at consolidating and organizing authority in the country. However, far from eliminating corruption, politics of the Putin era have merely changed the form of corruption, integrating corruption into the “power vertical” through which Putin governs.
In recent years, corruption has played an ever larger role in the regime’s stability. It serves as a force to co-opt and control the political elite and to replace formal institutions with something more flexible and more amenable to the needs of a consolidated authoritarian regime. Only deep changes, such as higher levels of political competition, have a chance of reducing corruption in the long run. The approaching fourth term of President Putin will continue to increase the role of informal institutions in Russian politics, in which corruption plays an increasingly large role in the Kremlin’s management of the political process.
The article reconstructs the concept of sovereignty by François Guizot in its connection with intellectual and political context of the Restauration Period (1814-1830). This allows me to illustrate philosopical sources of French liberalism, highlight the connection between liberal ideology and democratic tradition, as well as to clarify how the concept of sovereignty was reflected in politics.
The article examines the problems of delegation of public powers of authority to self-regulated organizations: public powers of authority which may be delegated, spheres of state administration, where delegation of powers is not allowed, validity of control over realization of delegated powers in all cases of such delegation and responsibility of the state for the acts of private persons who exercise public powers of authority.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.