От плебисцита – к выборам: Как и почему россияне голосовали на выборах 2011-2012 гг.
Falling levels of electoral participation in established democracies have raised serious concern. We investigate the role of basic personal values in identifying those who do not vote. We argue that voting in specific elections offers non-voters less opportunity to affirm, protect, or attain the values they cherish than it offers to voters. We hypothesize that people who do not vote attribute less importance than voters to those values that the contesting parties actually endorse (actual value congruence) and that the parties are perceived as endorsing (perceived value congruence). Study 1 (Italian national elections of 2001, n = 1,782) confirmed the hypothesis for actual congruence between own and coalition endorsed values. Study 2 (2008 elections, n = 543) confirmed the hypothesis both for actual and perceived value congruence. In both studies, value congruence explained substantial variance in voter abstention beyond the effects of socio-demographic variables.
The monograph represents the analysis of Russian political texts of the 90-s of the last century. It is based on a scientific research, which was conducted in the framework of psycholinguistics, as well as a communicative approach, and includes the psychological analysis of speech influence and the analysis of linguistic means of such impact. We have employed a complex psycholinguistic approach to the analysis of political texts, which involves mutual verification of the data obtained by linguistic analysis and psycholinguistic experiment. The book is intended for political and public figures, political consultants and employees of the political apparatus of parties and social movements. It can be also used by students who receive education in the field of political science, journalism, public relations, law, philology and psychology.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.