Procesy integracyjne i dezintegracyjne na obszarze poradzieckim. Próba bilansu
Prezentowana monografia analizuje różne aspekty procesów integracyjnych i dezintegracyjnych na obszarze byłego ZSRR. Monografia prezentuje najbardziej aktualną refleksję nad problematyką przemian politycznych, gospodarczych, społeczno - kulturowych w transformujących się państwach obszaru poradzieckiego. Tom adresowany jest do socjologów , politologów, a także wszystkich zainteresowanych polityką oraz jej historycznymi i społecznymi podstawami.
This book is novel not only in its theoretical framework, which places racialisation in post-communist societies and their modernist political projects at the centre of processes of global racism, but also in being the first account to examine both these new national contexts and the interconnections between racisms in these four regions of the Baltic states, the Southern Caucasus, Central Asia and Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, and elsewhere. Assessments of the significance of the contemporary geopolitical contexts of armed conflict, economic transformation and political transition for racial discourse are central themes, and the book highlights the creative, innovative and persistent power of contemporary forms of racial governance which has central significance for understanding contemporary societies.
The book will be of interest to scholars and students in the areas of racism and ethnicity studies.
To beginning of XXI century the most of states of post-Soviet period have formed the own political systems. Predominance in political consciousness of inhabitants the traditions, the mythologized generally accepted opinions in combination with severe struggle for the power have attached to political process the contradictory character bringing sometimes to constitutional crisis' or to superficial reforms.
The article "Russian Intelligentsia as a Historical and Social Phenomenon" is dedicated to the problems of the disappearance of the so called "intelligentsia" in the post-soviet society and the need to recreate it under new living and cultural conditions. The main purpose of the article is to make a careful and thorough analysis of the term "intelligentsia" not only from a strictly historical and social point of view, but, most important, from the standpoint of philosophy. The author arrives at a conclusion that intelligentsia should not be understood simply as a social group, but as a way of perceiving the reality and one's role on the stage of Russian society. The article is based upon a number of social studies published in professional journals over the last decade.
By the end of the 2000s, the term "resource curse" had become so widespread that it had turned into a kind of magic keyword, not only in the scholarly language of the social sciences, but also in the discourse of politicians, commentators and analysts all over the world-—like the term "modernization" in the early 1960s or "transition" in the early 1990s. In fact, the aggravation of many problems in the global economy and politics, against the background of the rally of oil prices in 2004–2008, became the environment for academic and public debates about the role of natural resources in general, and oil and gas in particular, in the development of various societies. The results of numerous studies do not give a clear answer to questions about the nature and mechanisms of the influence of the oil and gas abundance on the economic, political and social processes in various states and nations. However, the majority of scholars and observers agree that this influence in the most of countries is primarily negative. Resource Curse and Post-Soviet Eurasia: Oil, Gas, and Modernization is an in-depth analysis of the impact of oil and gas abundance on political, economic, and social developments of Russia and other post-Soviet states and nations (such as Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan). The chapters of the book systematically examine various effects of "resource curse" in different arenas such as state building, regime changes, rule of law, property rights, policy-making, interest representation, and international relations in theoretical, historical, and comparative perspectives. The authors analyze the role of oil and gas dependency in the evolution and subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union, authoritarian drift of post-Soviet countries, building of predatory state and pendulum-like swings of Russia from "state capture" of 1990s to "business capture" of 2000s, uneasy relationships between the state and special interest groups, and numerous problems of "geo-economics" of pipelines in post-Soviet Eurasia.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.