Чикагская школа социологии: Сб. переводов
Methods of network analysis are used in this paper for mapping the local academic community of St. Petersburg sociologists. The survey data on relations between individual scholars serve as a guide in reconstruction of the communitys network history as well as a system of independent variables in accounting for differences between its various natural zones. In this manner, the paper explores the points of convergence between Chicago school social ecology and modern social network analysis.
The article introduces a historical-sociological research project reconstructing intellectual and institutional transformations of post-soviet social sciences in the last 25 years. The projects ambition was to achieve this aim via applying classical community study research strategy and various methods derived from social science history to the case of St. Petersburg sociologists. We identified 622 individuals as St. Petersburg sociologists and traced records of their institutional trajectories, appearance in print, citing behaviour, social networks, political attitudes, sources of income, professional authorities, and attention spaces through 25 years.
Nuestro país ha cambiado más en 20 años que en los dos últimos siglos. Las transformaciones que hemos vivido durante la democracia (la transición española)* y los cambios que ha traído la integración en el Mercado Europeo se han sucedido con gran velocidad y han afectado a todas las facetas de la sociedad. El español de los 90 es más tolerante y está abierto a nuevas ideas a la vez que se mantiene fiel a su cultura y tradición. Tal vez por ello no parecemos muy satisfechos con la integración en Europa. Según el estudio sobre la Realidad Social en España, del Centro de Investigaciones sobre la realidad social (Cires), el porcentaje de personas que creen que la integración europea no ha beneficiado a España es el de un 59%. Sin embargo, esta insatisfacción no parece afectarnos excesivamente. La mayoría de los espaňoles se declaran felices y contentos con su vida. Más de un tercio elegirían ser lo que son si volvieran a nacer. Más de la mitad no desean parecerse a nadie. Pero veamos en qué hemos cambiado según los diferentes ámbitos de vida.
The achievements of the youngsters who interpret between their parents and institutions of the "admission society" are mostly invisible. From this everyday practice a whole spectrum of problems serious every now and then – but also results in potentials. In this bigger empiric investigation up to now unique in the German-speaking space on the subject Vera Ahamer puts new impulses in translation science, linguistics, sociology, educational theory – above all, however, also in the "migration discourse" as well as in practice for those people who deal every single day with this kind of the interpretation.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.