Русь, Россия: Средневековье и Новое время. Вып. 4. Четвертые чтения памяти академика РАН Л.В.Милова. Материалы международной научной конференции. Москва, 26 октября – 1 ноября 2015 г.
Russian Ruling in the Overseas Territories: the Archipelago Principality of Catherine the Great
During the reign of Catherine the Great Russia gained a chance to become a part of the Mediterranean world. In 1771–1774 inhabitants of more then 30 Aegean islands declared themselves to be ‘subjects’ of the Russian empress. Russian naval commandment in Archipelago had an incomparable opportunity to create an administration, a system of taxation, even a Synod and a civil school, but their activity was marked by the Russian specific understanding of a ‘proper’ European state.
The author puts a question how long the institute of poliud’e (known in Rus’ since the 9th century) functioned in the northeastern princedoms of Rus’. He studies the data on the two duties “liudskoe” and “poliudnaia pshenitsa” which are mentioned in some bishopric immunity charters of the 15-16th centuries and which are allegedly (etymologically) connected to the ancient poliud’e. He rejects this connection and concludes that the poliud’e disappeared in the northeastern princedoms of Rus’ since they had been conquered by the Mongols and obliged to pay them a tribute in the mid-13th century.
The authors argue that landlord’s income per male soul grew as reducing the size of an estate. Moreover the productive capacity of the serfs in economy of two or three estates was higher than in households of one estate. The work is based on a unique archival dataset.