Deformations and Crises of Ancient Civil Communities.
This volume results from a conference of Russian and British scholars of ancient history. It studies crises of various kinds in the history of civil communities in the Graeco-Roman world. Some chapters concern the main lines of Greek and Roman political development: instability in the Greek cities, the adaptation of aristocrats to the democracy of Athens, empire and crisis in fourth-century Greece; in the Roman Republic the dictatorship, the tribunate, changes in institutional arrangements which had far-reaching but unforeseen consequences; also in Rome the transition from the Middle to the Late Empire.
Others focus on particular episodes where new interpretations are possible: a 'crisis of the pyramid-builders' in Egypt which Herodotus misdated by more than a millennium; two problematic episodes in the hellenistic world, concerning Caunus, and Cius and Myrlea; in the Roman world, in connection with the transition from the Republic to the Principate an examination (particularly suitable for a Russian conference) of the interpretations of Russian scholars a century ago, and, finally, the survival of Neoplatonic communities in the Late Empire.
The paper is devoted to investigation of the series of extremely interesting cases observed in the life and in the textual practice of the last Neoplatonist communities of the 3rd – 6th centuries can be interpreted by an intent researcher as the set of modes by which the intellectual tradition of Antiquity and, more important, the Hellenistic intellectuals themselves survived in the environment which increasingly became more and more alien to them. Being observed from a specific, “inner-Platonic” point of view, these modes can be described as the kinds of projection of the Platonic dialectic of “the one” and “the other” (presented in Plato’s dialogue Parmenides) on social and political plans of reality. Irrespective of the specifically Platonic approach, these modes can be observed in the general perspective of the crisis suffered by the traditional Hellenistic types of communities and the Hellenistic intellectual communities particularly.
Article deal with problem of aristocracy in denocratic Athens in Vth Century B.C.
This volume results from a conference of Russian and British scholars of ancient history. It studies of various kinds in the history of civil communities in the Graeco-Roman world. This article focuses on the interpretations given in the Russian scholarship of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries to the transition from the Republic to the Principate in Ancient Rome, in its political and cultural aspects