Российское общество и вызовы времени. Книга первая
The article deals with the issue of historical self%understanding of contemporary Russian society. A nation’s civilization%wise self%determination is formed through mastering national history and learning the lessons of the social catastrophes of the 20th century. It is possible to transmit the social experience of the past to new generations by actualizing cultural values originally born within Russia’s religious, artistic and political traditions. Russian society should expand its discursive practices of cultural and historical knowledge, together with the sphere of public discussion of history and culture. This article looks at two potential implications (educational and cultural) of the current state of affairs.
The authors examine how the social status of the university professor has evolved in Russia in recent centuries in light of the historical concepts about the enslavement and emancipation of social groups proposed by Sergey Solovyov and Aleksandr Gradovsky. They use the metaphor of the “slave” [nevol’nik] to describe the dependent position of the professor in the university. The word encapsulates administrative tyranny, the spread of subordinate and submissive mentality in the university environment, and the curtailment of opportunities for professional selffulfillment. The authors present the university administration as the main agent responsible for enslaving professors. Administrators represent bureaucratic power and act to advance their own social ambitions.
Collection of articles dedicated to the new trends of social and cultural change in Korean and Russian companies. It examines the historical background of the formation of the new trends of social and cultural changes in the two societies and the modern problems of democratization and formation of civil society. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of social and economic transformations, as well as the emergence of new socio-cultural practices in Korea and Russia.
The chapter is concerned with questions of civic values and civic identity as they are experienced by Russian people in the context of political-economic transformations of the last years, and especially during global economic crisis 2008-2010. Empirical findings from Russian Public Opinion Research Centre, Levada-Centre, Edelman Trust Barometer surveys are used to outline how tensions, distrust and civic irresponsibility expressed by respondents in the context of financial instability may amplify understandings of ‘citizenship’ and ‘civic identity’. There are several trends characterizing citizenship and civic identity in modern Russian society. The first is transformation of the common sense of ‘we-ness’ in case of individualism’s growth and increasing reduction of trust to economic, political and low institutions. The second is the problem of new values formation: while the ‘official’ political discourse admits more and more inclusive patriotic ideologies, ‘everyday-life’ and ‘network’ discourses develop estimative and ironical judgments of the official discourse. The third is citizens’ emigration intentions and the ‘status of citizenship’ characterizing self-perception of people as ‘citizens’ in relation to ‘non-citizens’, which is particular relevant to labour migration problem.
The chapter covers the issue of monetary relative poverty line location in modern Russia. As it follows from international studies on income stratification it should be placed between 0.5 to 0.75 of median per capita income. Based on the poverty risk data, it is shown that the 0.5 line can be applied as a deep poverty line, and the 0.75 line as a poverty line, separating population with high risks of poverty from vulnerable to poverty population and middle class.
The material published is reduced and adapted to the format of "Polity" version of the analytical report on the results of an expert survey conducted in the framework of expert scenario-predictive monitoring "Russia 2020". The project was implemented jointly by the RAS Institute of Sociology and the ZIRCON Research Group in July-October 2015, with the financing of the RSF grant "Dynamics of social transformations in the socio-economic, political, socio-cultural and ethno-religious contexts" (№ 14-28-00218). The report was prepared by I.V.Zadorin (chief)., D.V.Maltseva and V.V.Petukhov. Expert survey was organized and conducted by E.V.Khalkina.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.