Стратегия социокультурного развития Саткинского муниципального района
The publication is devoted to various aspects of the history of Paris XVI-XVIII centuries. Particular attention is paid to the functioning of the municipal administration, the forms of social control, reconstruction projects and decorating the city in accordance with the requirements of the era.
Architectural Association in London was founded in 1847 by a group of young architects who tried to change the tradition of architectural education in the UK. One of the most exciting pages of it’s history deals with the period of 1960-1980-s, when Alvyn Boyarsky has become AA’ director and the school becomes a real experimental field of the post-reconstruction generation, bringing up today’s world architecture leaders. Architects graduated from the Association have become the true heroes of contemporary architecture. Their practice may appear to be very different, but they are all representatives of one school and, in some general way, one generation. The list of names, connected with AA is unbelievably representative: Ron Arad, Ben van Berkel, David Chipperfield, Nigel Coates, Peter Cook, Mark Fisher, Zaha Hadid, David Green, Nicholas Grimshaw, Steven Holl, Rem Koolhaas, Leon Krier, Daniel Libeskind, Richard Rogers, Patrik Schumacher, Bernard Tschumi, Elia Zenghelis. The new generation was inspirited with a special artistic sensibility to the historical urbancontext, architectural genealogy and the complexity of human everyday life in general. The number of questions raised up during that period is still related to the most urgent problems of contemporary urban development. The article is a study of AA’ educational methods and programs, focusing on the main research themes, best diploma studies, additional activities. Education for Boyarski was a way to create an environment for experimentation and critical thinkng, so he supported any student undertaking - from costumed carnivals and elephant riding to music records and student magazines. This was the reform carried out by Boyarski: he completely changed the structure of the studing process by proposing the "unit system" as the base model (which he himself called the "well-laid table"). The essay is devoted to the history of the London Architectural Association of the 1960s-1980s, the urban problems faced by the generation that succeeded the generation of the postwar Reconstruction, and the methods of teaching developed during these years under the leadership of Alvin Boyarski.
The article tells the story of the Dutch functionalism school and the main specific features of modernism in the Netherlands in 1940–1960-s. The author focuses on the problem of romantic heritage in frames of the Modern Movement. The philosophy of Romanticism supposed to be important part of the new architectural doctrine, that pointed up the question of a lost ideal integral peace of art. The possibility of change and fundamental reconstruction inspired several generations of Dutch architects. At the same time the stylistic variety of Dutch modernism attracts attention and is supposed to be one of the key peculiarities of the school.
At the turn of the 20th century, the issue of urban development was one of the key problems discussed by European architects. Architects were haunted by a fear of an expanding, sinister Metropolis that would trample humanity, make life in the city unbearable, and undermine traditional values and human interactions. The need to clear out the urban space seemed to be the primary task for architecture, and along with it questions were raised about expanding historical cities and building residences for socially defenseless residents. Among the proposed solutions, the concept of «instauratio urbis» (reiteration, restoration) was articulated—a traditional notion that one should restore the cultural significance of architecture as a repository of historical experience.
The paper deals with the profound heritage of Moshaven Mostafavi, one of the leading teachers at London Architectural Association at the end of 1970s – the 1980s, when he was the tutor for many students. London Architectural Association was one of the most influential architecture schools in the second part of the XXth century. First is because its radical change in the pedagogical process in 1960-s and unprecedented interest to the problems of architecture evolution and contemporary urban development. Among the students and teachers of AA were Rem Koolhaas, Zaha Hadid, Bernard Tschumi, Leon Krier, Daniel Libeskind, Nicholas Grimshaw, Steven Holl and many other outstanding authors. Moshaven Mostafavi, who graduated from AA in 1976, took an active part in preparing the new studying courses. Together with his students Mostafavi researched the opportunities for reprogramming of historical urban environment, looking for the new routes for contemporary architecture in frames of European cities
The 2nd International Conference on Art Studies: Science, Experience, Education (ICASSEE 2018) was held on 05-06 October, 2018 in Moscow, Russia. The aim of ICASSEE 2018 is to provide a common platform for educators, scholars, and students with different cultural backgrounds to present and discuss researches, developments and innovations in the fields of Art Studies. The Conference is jointly organized by State Institute for Art Studies (Russia), International Science and Culture Center for Academic Contacts (Russia); Zhengzhou Yingchun Conference Planning Co., Ltd.( China).
This about barrier technologies in urban spaces.