История Африки: старые и новые подходы. XIII Международная конференция «Общество и политика в Африке: неизменное, меняющееся, новое», материалы секции 3-1 «История», Москва, 27-30 мая 2014 г.
This article presents the latest developements in the racial policy of the South African ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC which originally proclaimed non-racilaism as its goal has in practice been pursuing strictly racial agenda since coming to power in 1994. While the constitution of South Africa proclaims full equlity of representatives of different racial groups, in practice minorities are subject to discrimination in promotions and opportunities, denied the right to develop their business independently and often devoid right to be educated in their mother tongue. This policy when applied to business, both private and state, stifles the developemnt of the coutry and goes against the interests of the black majority. But the ANC continues this policy regardless.
The article discusses the key event that led to the Rwandan genocide of 1994 — the assassination of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana. The author provides detailed reconstruction of the train of the events connected with the President's plane crash, and outlines its dominant interpretations, according to which the assassination was organized by Hutu extremists within Rwanda’s political elite or by Tutsi rebels (Paul Kagame and his Rwandan Patriotic Front). The author does, however, conclude that the responsibility for Habyarimana’s assassination can not be equated with the responsibility for the outbreak of the most intense of genocide in human history.