ИСТОРИЯ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИХ УЧЕНИЙ 2-е изд., пер. и доп. Учебное пособие для бакалавров
The paper presents an opinion of one of the architectures of the «500 Days Reform» interviewed by the Editor- in-Chief, «ECO» Monthly. The author finds that the reform has not solved its key objective such as to increase the efficiency of our economy.
In the recent years there was a growing interest of the Russian researchers in the issues of management of large firms and industrial companies in the pre-revolutionary Russia. This interest also covered the role of the managers in the handling of labor conflicts (filing of petitions, raising demands, organization of strikes). In this paper the author, based on the archives and the published sources, performed a detailed analysis of the influence of the actions of the managers on the course and the outcome of two strikes which took place in 1890-s at one of the largest Russian textile works - the Yaroslavl Bolshaya Manufactura.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.