Prague Papers on Language, Society and Interaction / Prager Arbeiten zur Sprache, Gesellschaft und Interaktion
This volume offers empirical perspectives on the current sociolinguistic situations in former Eastern Bloc countries. Its seventeen chapters analyse phenomena such as language choice, hierarchies and ideologies in multilingualism, language policies, minority languages in new legal, educational, business and migratory contexts, as well as the position of English in the region. The authors use various methodological approaches – including surveys, discourse analyses, descriptions and analyses of linguistic landscapes, and ethnography – in order to deal with sociolinguistic issues in eight countries and seven regions, from Brandenburg, Germany, in the West to Sakhalin, Russia, in the East.
More than 40 languages are spoken in the relatively small territory of highland Daghestan. People living in a traditional Daghestanian village often spoke two to four languages which are either genealogically unrelated or only distantly related. The linguistic repertoire may be different in two neighboring villages. Nowadays, neighboring villages with different L1 most frequently communicate in Russian, but in the recent past local languages were used for this purpose. The aim of this paper is to trace the shifts in the language repertoire that occurred in Daghestan during the 20th century. The paper uses the results of interviews conducted in 13 mountain villages of Daghestan in 2009–2013.