География. Экономическая и социальная география мира. 10–11 классы: учебник для общеобразовательных учреждений (базовый и углубленный уровень). В 2 ч.
The collection is devoted to the centenary of the birth of outstanding Russian (Soviet) geographer Sergey Aleksandrovich Kovalev. For nearly 20 years he headed the Editorial Board of the «Problems of Geography» series. S.A. Kovalev is one of the founders of modern Russian geography of population, a pioneer of the service sector geographical studies and complex geographical research of rural areas, the founder of a scientific school in the field of rural settlement and social geography.
The collection includes articles on various issues of the geography of population and social geography. It begins with the memories about S.A. Kovalev. His unpublished works are also included in the book.
The current global recession comes on the heels of an extended economic growth period. At least 85 percent of this economic expansion was owed to the knowledge-based sectors where massive innovation occurred in the first decade of the 21st century. International financial markets saw a rapid growth in capitalisation that, on one hand, benefited the emerging economies and, on the other, provided overblown credit to the American economy from China as well as other developing countries with hobbled domestic consumption. Global financial markets tied the US economic cycle to that in the rest of the world economy. Once the American sub-prime market began to plunge, shock waves permeated other countries leading to the loss of investor confidence and an ensuing massive contraction of stock value. All that produced an especially strong impact on the emerging economies. Most of these proved to be much less resilient than expected by some economists who had maintained that a solid basis for sustained growth had already been in place at least in the most advanced of the developing countries. As long as none of the international financial institutions was capable of delivering an adequate response to the crisis, economic nationalism became widespread. As a result, any emerging post-crisis economic order will be based on enhanced intervention by state authorities and transformed property rights in the leading economies.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.