Лингвистический вестник. Ежегодный международный сборник научных трудов
The article focuses on lexical units conveying background information. These are usually classified as culturally-bound items, i.e. lexical units of one language absent in the vocabulary of the other language. The article considers a series of examples from the Argentinean gaucho culture which awareness may significantly facilitate communication with representatives of this social group.
The article dealts with German school and student sociolects of the first half of the XXth century. The data under linguistic analysis are lexicographic sources and theoretical articles of leading German linguists of that time. The focus is on the dictionary of Basler Studentensprache pubished in 1910. There is carried out comparative analysis of the youth sociolect of the past and the present and there singled out general tendencies in enriching their vocabulary.