고려인과 함께 가는 유라시아 평화의 길 / Советские корейцы в Евразии
The collection contains reports of the participants of the International Conference dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the voluntary resettlement of Koreans in Russia. In the center of attention - the debate on the adaptation of the national community in the post-Soviet period in the territory of the former Soviet Union, on the socio-economic achievements of the Russian-speaking Koreans. Researchers at the history of Russian-speaking Koreans in Russia, CIS and the Republic of Korea were made on the most pressing and important issues for modern society of interethnic relations and intercultural communication.
In the present study proposes to consider the social status of a relatively small group of people of Korean nationality, residing in the territory of the USSR. As human activity is multifunctional, and then in the Korean community have been various social strata and status. According to the criteria of social status: status in employment, due to the power structures, income (size and shape), the social status of Russian-speaking Koreans in Russia for 150 years has changed several times.
In the period from 1937 to 1991, the Soviet Koreans have actively participated in the construction of the Soviet state. Along with all the peoples of the USSR, they restored the destruction of the war, develop science and technology, mastered the virgin lands. Special role belongs to the Koreans in agriculture, the invaluable contribution made by them in its development.
During the difficult years of the 1940-1960 Soviet Koreans were able to consolidate, unite to overcome all the hardships and tribulations. Only mutual assistance and patience to each other helped them to survive and not to dwell on the results achieved. In the Soviet Union, more than 200 Koreans were awarded the title "Hero of Socialist Labor" and the Order of Lenin. Despite the official ban on the mobilization of ethnic minorities to the front during the Great Patriotic War, 372 Koreans fought, received medals for bravery and courage.
Between 1970 and 1991. characteristic of creative work, increasing the well-being of all Soviet Koreans, it was promoted interference of two cultures, Korean and Russian. Invaluable influence of Russian culture, the Soviet government, thereby Koreans in the Soviet Union, like all Soviet citizens had the opportunity to receive free not only secondary, but also higher education, receive medical and other forms of social assistance. On the other hand, they were able to maintain such a Korean national character traits as diligence, tolerance, particularly relating to education.