Финансовый механизм и право
This book includes a number of articles on the history of accounting in Russia and France in the modern era.
The author considers issues of tax administration, based on the analysis of indicators of the region's economy. The work is based on the analysis of statistical information on tax revenues and macroeconomic indicators, which is supposed to draw a conclusion about the effectiveness of the use of certain benefits pro-vided by regional legislation. The relevance of this study is due to the difficult economic situation in the country and, as a consequence, the problems of filling the regional budget. Since the benefits are falling budget revenues, questions the effectiveness of their use is now the most relevant. In examining this question, it concludes that tax incentives do not significantly affect both the value of collected taxes and arrears, as well as on various macroeconomic indicators. So this analysis should be the starting point for regional lead-ership in finding ways to optimize the tax benefits and improve the efficiency of the region's economy.
The paper views the methods of providing tax safety of an enterprise from the standpoint of government and business.
The article researches the problems of the system of financial and tax control, the problem of financial and tax control object defining, problems of tax control effectiveness. The author defines the notion of tax control, its characteristics and also gives critical commentary on modern tendency of tax control subject defining.
The book addresses the interpretations of the nature of the fiscal information in the interests of regional and local authorities, as well as investors and other user groups. The issues of tax administration, the calculations carried out assessment of the application of tax incentives, tax potential of regions and their impact on the budgets of regions.
This book consists of the recent researches on the history of accounting in Europe from 1500 to the end of the XVIIIth century.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/