Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development (KEOD - 2010)
"Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - 2010" (KEOD - 2010) Conference Proceeings
The paper describes the development of a portal about development and use of tools based on the (meta) modeling (using DSM, DSL, etc.). The architecture of a portal, information retrieval subsystem and document management are described.
The purpose of the portal is the creation of "selfdeveloping" resource, which provides intelligent search and automatic processing of the results (documents and sources), easy navigation on the found resources. Implementation is based on the ontologies approach.
The main feature of suggested methods is an integrated approach to development. The approach bases on a multi-level ontology repository. The portal allows searching and analyzing information, creating and researching model, publishing research results. Software gives an opportunity of a flexible customizing. The main topic of this paper is an intelligent information search means based on semantic indexation, automatic document classification, tracking of semantic links between documents and automatic summarization.
Usage of visual domain-specific languages in software engineering allows to simplify the process of software creation and to attract to it the experts in domain, who are not professional programmers. However creation new domain-specific language is the nontrivial task, therefore the problem of automation of their development process is the topical task. For the automation, designing of visual modeling languages it is offered to use the ontologies received as a result of the analysis of text corpus. In article, the approach to automatic creation of visual modeling languages on the basis of domain ontologies is considered.
This book constitutes a collection of selected contributions from the 12th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research, BIR 2013, held in Warsaw, Poland, in September 2013. Overall, 54 submissions were rigorously reviewed by 41 members of the Program Committee representing 21 countries. As a result, 19 full and 5 short papers from 12 countries have been selected for publication in this volume. This book also includes the two keynotes by Witold Abramowicz and Bernhard Thalheim. The papers cover many aspects of business information research and have been organized in topical sections on: business process management; enterprise and knowledge architectures; organizations and information systems development; information systems and services; and applications.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th Conference on Knowledge Engineering and the Semantic Web, KESW 2013, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in October 2013. The 18 revised full papers presented together with 7 short system descriptions were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers address research issues related to knowledge representation, semantic web, and linked data.
Today many problems that are dedicated to a particular problem domain can be solved using DSL. Thus to use DSL it must be created or it can be selected from existing ones. Creating a completely new DSL in most cases requires high financial and time costs. Selecting an appropriate existing DSL is an intensive task because such actions like walking through every DSL and deciding if current DSL can handle the problem are done manually. This problem appears because there are no DSL repository and no tools for matching suitable DSL with specific task. This paper observes an approach for implementing an automated detection of requirements for DSL (ontology-based structure) and automated DSL matching for specific task.
The aim of this article is to highlight the relationships between contemporary tendencies in the humanities (the new ontologies) and contemporary architectural practices. The author articulates the distinction between the optics of the «old ontologies» and the new ones. The ontologies considered to be new ones are flat, free from classical opposition between the whole and the parts and based on modality of possibility, but not obligation. Objects and practices traditionally referred to as architecture appear to be based on the principles of the «old ontologies». For them human being is an extraordinary object compared to others, the part-to-whole relationships appear to reflect either the superiority of the whole (society) or the superiority of the part (individual), finally, they are aimed at creating an “it has to be this way” picture. The new ontologies seem to be impossible to apply to architecture in its traditional meaning. Nevertheless, a two-fold link between the new ontologies and architecture can be posed. On the one hand, the former offer a new language to describe the variety of traditional architecture and accept that all of directions, styles and buildings are ontologically coordinate. On the other hand, the new ontologies enable some new architectural practices (computer architecture, architecture of virtual space and speculative architecture) which do not substitute for traditional architecture, but accompany it.
Keywords: new ontologies, flat ontologies, architecture, computer architecture, architecture of virtual space, speculative architecture
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.