Конкурсы для студентов и молодых ученых Московского института социально-культурных программ. Работы победителей 2013 года: лучшие эссе и проекты исследований
Les Roberts’ objective in Film, Mobility and Urban Space is to describe cinematic representations of Liverpool that result from the diversity of mobilities that form its cultural and spatial image. One may find two different interpretations for “mobility” in the book. The first one deals with “the ways in which film is located and embedded in the historical geography of the city” (6), and it therefore gives an overview of cinematic representations of mobility sites in the city (e.g. Liverpool Inner Motorway). The second interpretation explores “how ideas of the ‘city-in-film’ inform the wider geographical imagination of cities” (6) and refers to mobility inspired by cinematic images (e.g. tourism). This twofold interpretation allows Roberts to work on both cinematic and spatial geographies of the city, but at the same time to claim theoretical and methodological insights. It is the latter that I would like to outline in this review.
The article describes routs of visitors of museum-reserve Tsaritsyno (Moscow) after its reconstruction -- in the most popular and crowded "historical" part of the park and in the distant areas. In addition, we consider which type of visitors prefer certain routes, as well as how visitors experience space in different parts of the park (or different modes of perception). The article describes such modes as "consumption of public space", "romantic tourist gaze" and "existential" mode.
The author describes emotional attachment of three different categories of Muscovites to the Kitay-gorod area; they are (1) residents of this area, (2) tour guides who conduct city tours, and (3) Muscovites who often spend their time in this area. Different practices of using this space raise the question about local semantic mapping.
Regarding urban space as interaction between human and places, the author turns to mental maps. As mental maps require formalized and well-grounded methods of analysis, the basic method used in this study was space syntax method; other tools such as observation techniques, GPS tracking, and social and mental mapping were also used. Results show that three different groups of people provide different description of the same places. It was concluded that there is spatial order and semantic organization of places people are attached to.
The results of the study can be further used in urban development and planning.
This book is devoted to and inspired by the city. Micro-urbanism is the perspective developed in the book by contributors. It suggests the close distance vision of the city: the possibility to understand the city through details and small things.
This article analyzes the contradictions and problems of search for a new image of Penza and Penza region. The article draws attention to the symptoms of amnesia collective memory of the recent Soviet past in a regional context. Also author of the article discusses the contradictions of a new urban identity, which is reflected in the change of the city symbols, processes of media representation of the recent Soviet past, and the prospects of the Soviet museumfication in the urban context. The author raises the problem of the integration of the collective memory of the late Soviet period in contemporary discourse about the urban image of Penza.
book of abstracts
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.