Правоохранительные органы в системе безопасности: Сборник трудов докторов, адъюнктов и соискателей
This paper considers current contradictions in state–business relations in Russia. On one hand, the Russian political elite needs economic growth to keep social stability in the country and to limit mass protesting in big cities. Economic growth is impossible without investment, which explains Russian leaders’ increased interest in improving Russia’s business climate. On the other hand, influential interest groups (represented first of all by security and law enforcement agencies) try to expand their control on rent sources in the economy. These groups of interests could strengthen their positions due to fear of political protests. This strong conflict among different groups in the Russian elite creates additional uncertainty for investors and the business community, and can lead to economic recession independent of the level of oil prices and dynamics of global markets. Reversing these negative trends in economic development will be possible only with collective actions of different economic and political actors (including technocrats in federal and regional governments, representatives of large and successful middle-sized business and topmanagers of public sector organizations) in the search for pragmatic solutions to the challenges faced by Russian economy and society.
An innovation analysis in conditions of transition economy is the important means of diagnosing a firm's management. This paper presents a view of authors on solving some of the important methodological issues of the innovation analysis application. The proposed system of analytical parameters includes characteristics of a scientific and technical standard of innovations, an innovation process and the efficiency of innovation activity. The parameters of competitiveness (for 1st group), innovation activity (for 2nd group) and market diffusion (for 3rd group) are emphasized. In addition, 5-6 local parameters-characteristics of innovation activity are included in each group. The proposed parameters are segregated by the three stages of innovation activity: innovation creation, innovation deployment (application) and innovation output production.
This study evaluates the effects of export promotion programs (EPPs) in Russian manufacturers. It examines a multi-dimensional set of subjective and objective indicators including the level of awareness, use, the perception of usefulness, as well as different intermediate export marketing results, and final performance indicators. The results show that most EPPs are successful in attaining their goals as to improving firms’ export marketing competencies. Though, at the same time, they point to clear problems, regarding program awareness, availability, and accessibility. The paper concludes with a discussion about managerial and public policy implications.