Игропрактикум: опыт преподавания основ права: метод. пособие
This topic is necessary to understand where the law comes from, from which sources it is possible to obtain information about legal norms. These sources in different legal families do not coincide, therefore, at least a brief overview of the peculiarities of sources of law in different countries is needed. This topic should equip students with knowledge of types of sources of law, peculiarities of legal customs, normative legal acts, normative treaties, judicial and administrative precedents, legal doctrines as sources of law.
"Normative legal acts" - one of the key topics of the course, which is essential for understanding the Fundamentals of law in general. Students should understand the signs of normative legal acts, distinguishing normative legal acts from individual ones. One of the tasks of the topic is to show the peculiarity of the system of normative legal acts in such a federal state as Russia, to clearly delineate in this system four "floors" - federal, regional (constituent entities of the Russian Federation), municipal and local, to understand their features and purpose. It is very important that the students understand the hierarchical principle of constructing a system of normative legal acts, the subordination of acts in this system to the higher ones. Students should understand the principle of the operation of normative legal acts in time, in space and in a circle of persons, without which the practical application of normative legal acts is impossible.
The purpose of teaching this topic is to tell students about the distinctive features of rulemaking that delimit it from other forms of social management. Students should understand the principles of rulemaking, revealing its content. It is very important that they clearly represent the stages of the legislative process and are able to distinguish them in the legislative activities of the State Duma and the legislative body of the subject of the Russian Federation. Finally, in this topic, students get acquainted with the forms of systematization of methods, methods and means of legal technology. All this should help students navigate in the real legal life, understand the logic of the actions of state bodies developing and adopting normative legal acts.