The monograph analyses both the Great Depression as "the black years" of capitalist world-system and alternative ways out the greatest crisis of the capitalist economy. Authors give main attention F.D. Roosevelt's "New Deal" as the Great Reform in USA but they considers also alternative European ways out the Great Depression (fascism versus liberalism corrected). A special attention is dedicated to mutual influence of Soviet and American economies during socialist industrialisation and "New Deal".
The monograph is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the modern transformations that have occurred in public administration and public service in recent years under the influence of socio-economic reforms. Along with doctrinal and legislative issues focusing on applied aspects of organization of the system of Executive authorities and their law-making activities, analyzing problems that occur in modern practice income and the civil service and settlement of conflict of interests in the civil service, offers possible solutions. The monograph will be of interest to researchers and practitioners, state and municipal officials, teachers, graduate students, students, as well as all those who are interested in the problems of public administration and public service.
The book discusses a little-studied aspect of the history of the Russian émigré Eurasianist movement of the 1920s and 1930s: namely, an attempt to develop holistic “Eurasianist” jurisprudence and political theory. The task proved to be much more complex than merely applying Eurasianist ideology to the field of law, as the latter was not a single phenomenon, and had different institutional and especially conceptual dimensions. Eurasianists themselves differed in their approaches to law and state. These distinctions were based on metalegal grounds, whether in phenomenological sources of the works of Nikolai Alekseev, who argued for legal individualism, or alleinheit theory in the writings of Leo Karsavin, or positivist theory informing the approach by Nikolai Dunaev. Based on Eurasianists’ published works and unpublished archival materials, this book argues for the fundamentally contradictory legal and political views by members of the Eurasianist movement. These contradictions suggest that it was impossible to create a particular “Eurasianist” legal and political theory on the basis of their writings.
The manual was compiled in accordance with the Program of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, designed for students under the Master's program. The manual contains a set of teaching materials with basic concepts, sample tasks, tests, practical situations for conducting seminars, as well as for independent work of students. For students, graduate students and teachers of economic universities and faculties, all interested in topical issues of institutional science.
The process of formation of the socalled «integration justice» and the search for «models» of such justice in different regions are considered. The attractiveness of the model of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), as well as the presence of distinctive features of different courts, in particular of the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union, are noted. A significant place is given to the formation of the rule of law of the European Union by the decisions of the CJEU, the concepts of the EU legal system as a «constitutional order» and as an «autonomous legal system»; shows the mechanism for interpreting the provisions of the founding treaties by the EU Court, the imple mentation of court decisions by EU institutions and national jurisdictions. Using the example of convergence of national legal systems in the field of justice, the influence of the practice of the European Court of Human Rights on the legal integration of the states of the European continent is shown. The activities of the courts of the CIS, the EurAsEC, and the EAEU are reviewed against the background of the current state of integration processes in the postSoviet space. Analysis of the activities of courts of integration associations in Latin America and Africa allows us to broaden our understanding of the diversity of forms of regional integration in the modern world, and to acquaint readers with the practice of courts of integration associations outside Europe. The monograph is supplemented by a large section containing the provisions of the constituent agreements of integration associations concerning the courts of these associations, as well as the rules of procedure of these courts. For the law students, teachers, researchers and legal practitioners.