Гражданский кодекс Российской Федерации: Залог. Перемена лиц в обязательстве. Постатейный комментарий к пар.3 главы 23 и главе 24
Article-by-article commentary to chapters 23 and 24 of the Civil Code of Russia.
Scientific and practical comparative article-by-article commentary of the new institution of the Russian Civil Law - pledge of bank account.
The article is essentially an analysis of the notion of «electronic money», including the legal definition set forth by the Federal law «On the national payment system», and other legal norms that can lead to a conclusion regarding the legal nature of the mentioned phenomenon. This analysis leads to a conclusion that electronic money can be defined through properties which make them different from other kinds of money, which are the order of fulfilling payment obligations and the moments legal consequences arise in respective settlement relations.
As from 1 July 2014, Russian law witnesses the creation of a new type of pledge – the judgment lien. The Russian Civil Code will allow unsecured creditors effectively to become pledgeholders by obtaining judgments against their debtors. The rules mirror to some extent analogous provisions of US law. However, they are not entirely clear in their operation. It remains to be seen how courts will enforce them in practice, especially in the context of insolvencies.
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter