Carl Stumpf: From Philosophical Reflection to Interdisciplinary Scientific Investigation / Carl Stumpf: Von der philosophischen Reflexion zur interdisziplinären wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Both Herbart and Stumpf conceived a psychological theory of fusion and applied it to musical sound. Nevertheless, their conceptions are usually considered as basically opposite, contrasting an atomistic (Herbart) to a “gestalt” view (Stumpf); this was also Stumpf’s conviction. Analysing their psychologies of sound in detail, however, the roles should be reversed, because elementistic components are to be found in Stumpf’s chord analysis, where Herbart seems to carry out a more coherent whole survey. Moreover, Herbart’s philosophy turns out to be much more than an abstract monadology, dropping relevant hints towards a gestalt approach both in theoretical and in aesthetic domain – and even in its overall structure.