Материалы российско-немецкой конференции «Университеты и бизнес: стартапы как инструменты международной кооперации»
Small innovative organizations play a significant role in the technological development of the country. One of the most effective support tool for such projects is venture investments. The development of the venture market stimulates the growth of investment activities in the sphere of R&D and small business, provokes the shift from the extractive to the processing and knowledge-based industry. This paper covers the modern actions taken by the government for venture market capital and suggests the key performance indicators which could be used to measure the effectiveness of that actions.
Abstract: Nowadays innovation development and creation of the link between science and business becomes actual more and more. This problem could be decided by making conditions which facilitate innovation ecosystem emergence. Theoretical aspects of innovation ecosystem are considered in the article. By the example of Silicon Valley, case study of innovation ecosystem is observed. As a result of the paper, we provide some recommendations on innovation ecosystem emergence and management.
This article examines the South African financial system for start-up companies, and focuses particularly on the support provided by the Khula indemnification scheme. Most research rests on the assumption that a lack of finance is the sole impediment to success of start-ups; however, it is unclear whether such government intervention can indeed foster successful entrepreneurial activity. We show that the current system provides profit making opportunities for both banks and consultants, but lacks focus on sustainable business development. There are incentives to create companies not in an attempt to be profitable, but rather as a means to gain access to government or government-backed money. We question whether a lack of finance is the primary obstacle to the formation of businesses. Instead, we argue that it is a lack of accountability and an insufficient application of business tools such as basic cost accounting that make entrepreneurs less creditworthy.
Innovations are considered by Russian and foreign companies as main way to increase competitiveness. How to estimate practice of innovation is becoming one of top research priorities in management nowadays. In conditions of recourses scarcity companies resort to imitation practices to improve their competitiveness by coping innovators. The paper presents result of empirical research of imitation and innovation practices among startups, which are residents of Russian business incubators. Five clusters were found with distinct innovation and imitation practices. Two clusters with imitation practices appeared more effective compared to clusters with innovation practices. Research outcomes might be used by startups to improve their performance and competitiveness.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы