Программа «ЭВРИКА»: ресурсный сборник. Университет – регион – бизнес на путях интеграции
The book is devoted to the results received within implementation of the international EURECA program and generalizes experience of maintenance of system innovations in education through the international cooperation and partnership of higher education institution-business-power.
Article describes results of Evaluation of innovative EUREKA program witch directed on creation of steady partnership between the Russian and American research universities and communities of experts in the field of university management and transfer of technologies, realized with support of US-Russian Foundation (USRF), New Eurasia Fund (FNE), the American Council for international education and National council on the Euroasian and East European researches in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. The evaluation of projects of the Russian national research universities is considered in a context of problems of global ratings of universities and the ratings in Russia, and also common problems of evaluation as managerial tool.
The chapter describes characteristics of Russian innovators acting within and without formal education system in comparison with Russian population as a whole. The study gives an indication of values (according to Schwartz’s theory) and motivational (PSED questionnaire) structure inherent to innovators as well as socio-demographic information such as education and occupation. The main values that underlie innovators’ activity and distinguish them from average Russian person are Universalism, Benevolence, Self-Direction and Stimulation. On the contrary such values as Conformity and Power are less important for innovators. Concerning motivation to innovation four types of motives that trigger innovative project launching were identified: social, status, financial and innovative. Social and innovative motivations serve as universal drivers of nowadays innovators in education. While financial and social motivations could play a distinguishing role for different groups of innovators. The main inference is that innovators from both sides of education, guided by the needs of others; even if they represent business oriented project, they always have a social mission. In conclusion the discussion on how the emergence of visible flow of grassroots innovation will change the education system.
The article analyzes the social and professional characteristics as well as the value orientations of the contemporary innovator in the field of education. The study was conducted among 304 participants in the 2014 Competition for Innovation in Education. The value orientations were revealed using Schwartz’s Portrait Values Questionnaire. The results were compared with data on value orientations of the Russian population obtained from the European Social Survey.
In 2012 the contestants were significantly different from the average Russian by the subjective importance that they attributed to certain value orientations as well as by their structural hierarchy. Innovators are more likely to exemplify the values of autonomy, benevolence, and universalism, and are willing to take risks in their professional life. They are less guided in their actions by a desire to obtain and retain power that is not based on their own achievements.
The study showed that specialists, including employees of educational institutions at various levels, employees of organizations not directly related to education, as well as school-age children and college students are prepared to implement and propose innovations in the field of education. Innovators stand out by their high level of education and active participation in extracurricular educational activities.
The Global Academic Rankings Game provides a much-needed perspective on how countries and universities react to academic rankings. Based on a unified case methodology of eleven key countries and academic institutions, this comprehensive volume provides expert analysis on this emerging phenomenon at a time when world rankings are becoming increasingly visible and influential on the international stage. Each chapter provides an overview of government and national policies as well as an in-depth examination of the impact that rankings have played on policy, practice, and academic life in Australia, Chile, China, Germany, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United Sates. The Global Academic Rankings Game contributes to the continuing debate about the influence of rankings in higher education and is an invaluable resource for higher education scholars and administrators as they tackle rankings in their own national and institutional contexts.
The importance of tertiary education for economic growth and competitiveness is increasingly recognized as critical not just for middle-income and advanced countries, but also for low-income ones. Access to a solid, world-class curriculum helps develop a skilled, productive, and flexible labor force that can positively influence productive activities by creating, applying, and spreading new ideas and technologies. Research universities are emerging as the central institutions of the 21st century knowledge economies.
The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making ofWorld-Class Research Universities extends the analysis of the framework presented in The Challenge of EstablishingWorld-Class Universities (Salmi 2009), examining the recent experience of 11 universities in 9 countries that have grappled with the challenges of building successful research institutions in difficult circumstances and presenting the lessons learned from these experiences. This report will be of interest to policy makers and tertiary education leaders considering reforms and innovations to improve their country's position in the global scene.
This is an analysis of social and professional characteristics, as well as value orientations of a modern educational innovator. The survey included participants of the 2014 Contest of Innovations in Education, with the sample of 304 respondents. Value orientations were revealed with the help of a questionnaire based on the Schwartz’s value theory. The results were compared to those of the European Social Survey of the Russian population conducted in 2012. Answers of the Contest participants differed dramatically from those of an average Russian, both in subjective importance of specific value orientations and in the structure of value orientation hierarchy. Innovators appreciated more often the values of self-sufficiency, kindness and universalism, as well as willingness to take risks in their professional life. They were less guided in their actions by the desire to take and to hold power which was not associated with their personal achievements. The survey demonstrated that innovations in education could be offered and implemented not only by experts, i.e. people working in educational institutions of different levels, but also by employees of companies that are not directly related to education, as well as by school and university students. Innovators have a better educational background and participate actively in supplementary education events.
This paper focuses on the elaboration of institutional research practice, which is an important element of any research university. The study addresses three questions. First, how did institutional research arise, and what is its raison d'être in a research university? Second, how can institutional research contribute to the improvement of the research university? And third, what are the most viable alternatives regarding the structure, staffing, and responsibilities of the institutional research office? To answer these questions, we will draw on the historical and current state of institutional research data from different countries derived from an extensive literature review and several case studies conducted while launching and running the institutional research office at a newly established research university, the Higher School of Economics in Moscow, Russia.
It is not an easy task for researchers and administrators of post – soviet universities who do not have experience and cooperation with the industry in market conditions to turn a scientific discovery or idea into a production technology that brings income and contributes to the development of an innovative cluster of the economy. Meanwhile, for the past 20 years in Russia we have come a long way and a vector in the direction of solving this problem. In the article, on the example of consideration of three groups of problems, the experience of diagnostics of key topical problems of transfer of innovations in higher education institutions and possible ways of their solution, which may seem interesting and useful for higher education institutions of the Republic of Belarus, is presented. The author is based on the preliminary results of the work of the working group of researchers in the preparation of the analytical report "Barriers to effective tansfer technologies. Recommendations to overcome them", which was presented at the XVIII seminar-conference of The project 5-100, November 9-11, 2015. Dolgoprudnom on the basis of Technopark of the national research UNIVERSITY "Moscow Institute of physics and technology" (MIPT).
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.