Культура и гигиена 2. Работа продолжается
Every country is shaped by its model of multi-channel funding in the sphere of culture and art, adequate its national system of fiscal devices, principles of the distribution of powers between the levels of Government and traditions of public and private support in this area. At the same time, all countries share a common approach to culture as a factor not only spiritual but also the economic progress of society. With all the variety of its industries and the differences in their economic situation the sphere of culture and art are treated as a single important sector of the national economy, the development of which requires the State to an integrated approach. The formation of the whole concept of State regulation and support of this sphere is a prerequisite for effective national policies in this area. In the world there is considerable arsenal of tools of financial support to cultural industries and arts. The choice of forms and methods of the private-state subsidies, as well as their combination depends on the nature of the chosen model of multi-channel funding, as well as the priorities and objectives of the current cultural policy.
Belarusian Yearbook 2013 presents a comprehensive analysis of the key developments in the main sectors of the state and society. Since its inception a decade ago, the Belarusian Yearbook has evolved as a crucial annual initiative of the Belarusian analytical community to compile, conceptualize and present a chronicle of Belarus contemporary history. Contributing to Belarusian Yearbook 2013 were independent analysts and experts, as well as specialists representing varios think tanks, including the Belarusian Institute for Strategic Studies (BISS, Vilnius, Lithuania), the Research Center of the Institute for Privatization and Managment (Minsk, Belarus), NOVAK Axiometrical Research Laboratory (Warsaw, Poland), the Belarusian Ecomomic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC, Minsk, Belarus), the Center for Eastern Studies (Warsaw, Poland), the expert community of Belarus Nashe Mnenie (Our opinion), the Agency of Humanitarian Technologies, the Independent Institute of Socio-Economic and Political Studies (IISEPS), eBelarus Research Center, Agency for Social and Political Expert Appraisal.
This article discusses the representation of the era of the October Revolution and the Civil War in contemporary Russian popular cinema. It describes the modern tools used by the state to create new images of the past and to reconstruct history in Russian popular culture. It also considers how Russian society has reacted to this official discourse.