Прикладные исследования человеческих ресурсов в публичном управлении
Collective metodic monography is devoted to the problems of theoretical and allied problems of human resources management in state organizations, especially in government bodies. Effectiveness of HRM and best practices of HRM in Russian state organizations are in the center of collective of authors research. All paragraphs of the book have the connotations with educational courses of Master degree program in Public Administration that is taught in NRU-HSE.
The article considers the system of public administration that has developed over a 25-year period under the influence of constitutional ideas and principles. It examines the constitutionally conditioned opportunities for the development of the institutions of state administration, the improvement of the legal status and the activities of the executive bodies, and the issuance of legal acts by them. The directions of realization of the potential of constitutional provisions in the sphere of administrative, administrative and procedural law, legal regulation of administrative procedures are analyzed.
The collection contains scientific articles of the international scientific-practical conference "State Administration and Public Service: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow in the Context of E-Government and the Digital Economy", held at the Higher School of Public Administration (HSAA) of MV Lomonosov Moscow State University in the framework of the XIV NAUKA Science Festival 0+ (October 11-13, 2019). The materials of the collection reflect the results of research conducted by undergraduates of the first and second courses of the Higher School of Public Administration. This scientific publication will be useful to undergraduate students, undergraduates, researchers, and everyone interested in the current state and development trends of the theory of public service, public administration and management, as well as their practice in modern conditions of digitalization of public life.
In this article history of university periodicals is approached as a history of practices of state administration, self-regulation of university corporation, professional self-organization, and normalization of different aspects of the university life. Research for this article has been carried out in the archives of Moscow University and Kazan University, and in the manuscript divisions of these universities’ libraries, as well as in the Archive of the Ministry of Public Education. Documents preserved in these collections reveal intentions of the publishers and circumstances surrounding the appearance of various periodicals in the first half of the nineteenth century. Another group of historical sources analyzed in this article consists of publications in university periodicals themselves. The authors show how the state policies regulating the market of the university press, on the one hand, and initiatives of university professors, on the other, influenced the configuration of the corporation of the university faculty, its internal hierarchies and accepted criteria of academic excellence. The article seeks to answer the question how politics and content of university journalism stimulated academic competition and created reputations.
The article is devoted to the theoretical features of innovations in the field of public administration. The subject of the research is the concept of innovation in public administration. The goal is to substantiate the relationship between successful innovation, institutional transformations and their ideological support. The main tasks are a description of the differences in the traditional understanding of the content of innovation and its content in the field of public administration, a description of the factors contributing to or hindering successful innovation in the field in question, an analysis of the relationship between the innovation activity of employees in the public service and institutional transformations. The conclusion is drawn on the importance of the trinity of technological, institutional and ideological innovations in the context of the goals and objectives of national economic development.
Abstract. The outcome of this article is the model of aim driven programmatic management, which can become systematic solution of problems, associated with public programs. Model development was caused by current issues and solutions analysis, which show low productivity of the last one. This model can be used as basis for the project of aim driven programmatic management of expenses
The monograph covers theoretical and practical issues of countering corruption in the sphere of public administration on the basis of current domestic legislation. The authors highlight the fundamental elements of the formation of modern anti-corruption legislation, legal mechanisms for implementing anti-corruption policy and certain areas of legislative regulation in the field of public administration, tools of modern anti-corruption policy in Russia. The article highlights and analyzes the current state and problems of law-making and law enforcement in the fight against corruption in public administration. The book is intended for practitioners, students, undergraduates, postgraduates, teachers and researchers interested in anti-corruption issues.
The collection includes materials submitted by Russian and foreign participants I all-Russian scientific and practical conference " New milestones in the development of administrative and administrative procedure law", held on April 11, 2019 at the faculty of law National research University "Higher school of Economics". Basic scientific the problem discussed at the conference is the current state and development of administrative rights. The meeting discussed topical issues of the development of administrative law: modern processes of public administration; improvement of the basics of control and supervision and licensing activities in the Russian Federation; development of administrative and tort legislation and practical issues of its application; formation of administrative process, administrative proceedings and administrative procedural legislation. The reports and presentations reflected different views of scientists and practitioners on improvement of administrative law and process. The publication is addressed to practicing lawyers, legal scholars, graduate students, undergraduates, students of law schools and all who are interested in the stated problems.
Fate took the Russian generals who had participated in the Napoleonic Wars in different directions. Many transferred to the civil service, became provincial governors or central government ministers, or held other top positions. This chapter aims to open up a scholarly debate on the position and role of military men in the political elite of the Russian Empire in the first half of the nineteenth century. In particular, an attempt is made to shed light on the following: first, to show how military men, particularly those who participated in the Napoleonic Wars, were represented in the ruling elite of the Russian Empire in the first half of the nineteenth century; second, to situate these findings within the broader context of the history of the ruling elite; third, and more broadly, to clarify the question of the reputation of minister-generals in society.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.