Прикладные исследования человеческих ресурсов в публичном управлении
Collective metodic monography is devoted to the problems of theoretical and allied problems of human resources management in state organizations, especially in government bodies. Effectiveness of HRM and best practices of HRM in Russian state organizations are in the center of collective of authors research. All paragraphs of the book have the connotations with educational courses of Master degree program in Public Administration that is taught in NRU-HSE.
In this article history of university periodicals is approached as a history of practices of state administration, self-regulation of university corporation, professional self-organization, and normalization of different aspects of the university life. Research for this article has been carried out in the archives of Moscow University and Kazan University, and in the manuscript divisions of these universities’ libraries, as well as in the Archive of the Ministry of Public Education. Documents preserved in these collections reveal intentions of the publishers and circumstances surrounding the appearance of various periodicals in the first half of the nineteenth century. Another group of historical sources analyzed in this article consists of publications in university periodicals themselves. The authors show how the state policies regulating the market of the university press, on the one hand, and initiatives of university professors, on the other, influenced the configuration of the corporation of the university faculty, its internal hierarchies and accepted criteria of academic excellence. The article seeks to answer the question how politics and content of university journalism stimulated academic competition and created reputations.
The article is devoted to the principles of licensing procedures’ legal regulation. The interrelationship of these principles with efficiency of public administration is proved. The emphasis is placed on the necessary legalization of the principle of differentiation of the Executive authorities’ permissive powers.
The aim is to identify the most important principles of the licensing procedures’ legal regulation on the base of the analysis of the Russian doctrine, domestic and foreign legislative practice, principles of OECD regulatory policy (OESR), as well as to justify the need to form the value priorities of officials as a basis for the effective use of the administrative procedures’ principles. Analysis of current trends in the processvalidate of public services, the use of general scientific (logical, systemic) and special legal methods (formal-legal, comparative legal) allowed to present the place of the principles of legal regulation of licensing procedures in the public administration system. In the context of the importance of the normative aspect in the legal regulation of the Executive authorities’ permissive activity, the significance of determining the principal approaches to the content of the legislative fixation of the principles of administrative procedures is proved. It is concluded that the most important principle of the licensing procedures’ legal regulation is the principle of differentiation of licensing powers. Its content is revealed through: 1) reference (correlation) of Federal and regional permissive legislation; 2) clarity in the definition of permissive powers of Executive bodies with different in scope competence blocks (General and special competence); 3) consistency in the implementation of the constitutional provision on the delimitation of subjects of competence between the Russian Federation and its subjects in the "permissive" rules of Federal legislation. It is also suggested that the effect of the principles of administrative procedures is determined not so much by their legalization, but by the formation of the so-called "axiom of legal consciousness" in the subjects of management. It is stated that the principles clearly fixed in the current legislation and mandatory for use in the practice of public administration can project the traditional legal values into the consciousness of the power participants of administrative relations and to form behavioral aspects of regulatory policy in the context of the newly formed concept of public governance in Russia.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.