Современные исследования по литературе Средних веков и Возрождения. Реферативный сборник
The dream as a cultural figuration in Richard Beerhofmann „The death Georg“ permits us to open some row of constants of the modern age in Austria. These constants are Narzissismus, aesthetic perception of the world which stylises of all living to the art object, and disregarding of the social reality. At the example the dream in the work the artistic problems of the modern age are interpreted.
Studies in intellectual and cultural history deal with the ideas of the Renaissance Neo-Platonism in a much different way during the late 19th century and 20th century. One of the main figures of these researches is Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) who is well-known for the historiosophic conception of prisca theologia and also for his translations of all Plato’s and Plotin’s works and writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus as well as commentaries on them. Interpretations of Ficino’s thought change dramatically the complex epistemological attitudes to the Renaissance. The article focuses on the works devoted to the philosophy of Marsilio Ficino and analyses the immanent theoretical and contextual (social, institutional) background for the emergence of the Renaissance studies in Anglo-Saxon intellectual world in the middle of XX century as a separate and self-consistent field of research. It is shown that the crucial point in this process is the appearance of German immigrant scientists in the Anglo-Saxon intellectual context and the successful institutionalization of their research projects and programs. Thus the history of humanities manifests itself through continuity and interaction between intellectual influences and social expectations which could not be reduced mechanically to the constellation of the ideas of autonomic disciplines established in the national scientific contexts.
Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.
The representation of the First World War in Richard Schaukals „brass sonnets“ served the purposes of the political propaganda. The form of the sonnet, the three-part composition and the use of bombastic metaphors were subordinated to this purpose. Besides, the politicisation of the aesthetics also entails the politicisation of the art what has found her succinct picture in the „brass sonnets“.