История России XVIII – начала XX века
History of classical philology and the reception of Greek and Roman antiquity in Moldova (Moldavia, Bessarabia).
The article deals with various historical narratives which can be used as a framework for the Russian-Polish relations during the long XIX century in contemporary historiography, first of all the Russian one. A special attention is paid to the Polish factor in the context of systematic elaboration of the history of Russian empire as well as the identities of the Russian-Polish frontier.
Based on the administrative and judicial sources of the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts in Moscow, this paper analyses several aspects of activity of the extraordinary commissions in Siberia, which is a major contribution to the strengthening of the monarchical power and the imperial control on the country’s peripheral provinces during the 18th century. The essential mission of these commissions is to pursue the abuses inside the local administration. Finally, through an analysis of the successes and failures of their investigations, various facets of the reality of the Siberian administration, its social universe, the management practices and its relationships with the native people, just after the conquest of Siberia, will be described. In particular, a great effort is provided by the commissions in order to eradicate the fur trade smuggling developed in the border area between Russia and China to the detriment of the interests of the State. During the years of 1760, these commissions contribute to the realization of the Yasak tax reform which gives a new dimension to the Russian Monarchy’s colonial policy. This reform resulted in the improvement of the administrative and financial structures and mechanisms for a better integration of the Siberian territory and people into the Empire.
The Revolution of 1905 forced the Russian autocracy to accept the convocation of the State Duma. After the Revolution's defeat, the Duma belonged to a new political system in which the Tsar conserved a very great power. The promulgation of the Law of March 8th 1906 imposed a significant restriction on the budgetary prerogatives of the Duma and allowed the Administration to maintain a real control over the financial field. In the facts, the political confrontation between tsarist power and liberal members of the Parliament did not make possible to engage the needed thorough reform of the structures and management practices of the Russian finances. This paper aims to clarify the stakes and reality of the changes as a result of the Revolution of 1905 and the formation of parliamentarism in the public finances development of the imperial Russia.
Word and Image invokes and honors the scholarly contributions of Gary Marker. Twenty scholars from Russia, the United Kingdom, Italy, Ukraine and the United States examine some of the main themes of Marker’s scholarship on Russia—literacy, education, and printing; gender and politics; the importance of visual sources for historical study; and the intersections of religious and political discourse in Imperial Russia. A biography of Marker, a survey of his scholarship, and a list of his publications complete the volume.
Contributors: Valerie Kivelson, Giovanna Brogi (University of Milan), Christine Ruane (University of Tulsa), Elena Smilianskaia (Higher School of Economics, Moscow), Daniela Steila (University of Turin), Nancy Kollmann (Stanford University), Daniel H. Kaiser (Grinnell College), Maria di Salvo (University of Milan), Cynthia Whittaker (City Univ. of New York), Simon Dixon (University of London), Evgenii Anisimov (St. Petersburg), Alexander Kamenskii (Higher School of Economics, Moscow), Janet Hartley (London School of Economics), Olga Kosheleva (Moscow State University), Maksim Yaremenko (Kyiv), Patrick O'Meara (University of Durham), Roger Bartlett (London), Joseph Bradley (University of Tulsa), Robert Weinberg (Swarthmore College)
The aim of the edition is to establish general narratives for the Alexandrine Age, not so much from the traditional vantage point of the emperor and his inner circle but from the point of view of experts and elites, especially the local ones, who perceived the empire a laboratory. These “men on the spot,” whether officially sanctioned by the state or independently of it, drafted “maps” of the empire and its collective subjects, constructed social political and economic imaginaries of the empire. Actors, who envisioned the functioned of the state and imagined its future, doing it also in comparison and in entanglement with other states in Europe. Therefore, individual experts like local doctors, legal scholars, practical jurists, and amateur scientists would be considered alongside with collective actors such as the Decembrists and the members of the so-called “conservative elite” and other networks.
Der Band schließt an die aktuelle Imperiumsforschung an und widmet sich dem neuzeitlichen Russland bis in die Gegenwart. Aus kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive werden an prägnanten Beispielen Integrationsstrategien untersucht, die die Macht des russischen Imperiums an dessen labilen Peripherien und auf internationaler Ebene sichern sollten. Im Fokus der Studien stehen dabei Symbolpolitiken, Kommunikations- und Erinnerungskulturen. Gleichzeitig wird gezeigt, inwiefern die russische/sowjetische Machtpolitik an ihre Grenzen stieß und welche Formen von Widerständigkeit sich herausbildeten.