ЮБИЛЕЙНЫЙ СБОРНИК. Материалы научной сессии. 25 ноября – 1 декабря 2011 г. К 100- летию Государственного музея Л. Н. Толстого
The article deals with one storyline of the novel Anna Karenina that stands as the key for the research into the significance of anglomania in the novel.
The 1850-1870s in Russian culture is the times of most intensive formation of the image of the UK as a highly complex combination of real and mythological elements.
The novel Anna Karenina, which Tolstoy himself called the novel about modern life, sets forth the fashion for everything ‘English’ in Russian high society in the 1870s with almost documentary precision.
The episode the article deals with is Anna Karenina's reading of an English novel. The article looks at different theories of the origin of the novel and suggests a particular novel as the source for the English novel in Anna Karenina.
Article argues that the knowledge of the particular English novel contributes not only to the research of anglomania in Anna Karenina and other Tolstoy's works but also gives a significant insight into the study of the characters in the novel.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.
Among the emigrated Russian population, a large number of writers and critics participated in the centenary celebration of the death anniversary of the great Russian poet, Alexandre Sergeevitch Pouchkine (1799-1837). The Russian princess, Zinaïda Schakhovskoy (1906-2001), a remarkable mediator of Russian culture in the literary and ideological circles of Brussels and Paris, played an important role in that event. Her work and flexibility in relations with representatives of different ideological and religious movements contributed to diminish stereotypes descending from African origins of the great Russian poet. In this article an interaction between the myth of an “African Pouchkine” and the image of Russia in Belgian culture will be further analyzed.