Цивилизация и модернизация. Материалы российско-китайской конференции 29-31 мая 2012 года
It is shown in the paper, that the probability of economy’s transition to innovative forms of development largely depends on the type of logic according to which economic agents evaluate the role, utility and feasibility of technological innovation as a component of development strategies of firms.
The paper deals with weak and strong points of paradigms clash of civilizations of Samuel Huntington and new wars of Mary Kaldor. The main aspects of both concepts about the peacemaking and generation and features of conflicts are given. Investigation shows that Huntington’s paradigm has great potential to predict possible clashes, but Kaldor’s concept is more convenient to understand and deal with them.
The paper shows the connection of the normative-value system of Russians with the existing type of Russian society. On a large empirical data estimated specificity and stage of sociocultural modernization experienced by contemporary Russian society .
Spirituality is one of the key concepts in cultural historical psychology; however, its definition remains the subject of controversy. Most approaches simply reproduce the meaning of spirituality adopted in various religions (especially in Christianity). In this case spirituality is understood as a feature of human beings, something high spirited and positive, implying the infinite perspective of approximating the Absolute. Yet, when this concept is used in a non religious sense, its definitions reveal circular reasoning (spirituality is understood as an aspiration for spiritual values). One can also speak of circular reasoning when the religious understanding of spirituality is prefaced with scientific researches of spiritual phenomena in all spheres of human existence, so that the outcomes of such researches would confirm the initial premises, or even coincide with them. The author suggests that spirituality be understood as the potential for human freedom. Actualization of this potential can thus be positively or negatively evaluated with regard to the historically relevant cultural context (and not according to the absolute scale of values as it happens when spirituality is understood in the religious sense). The suggested interpretation implies the understanding of culture as the system of ultimate values that people accept as guidelines in their lives. Within this culture spirituality can be evaluated both positively and negatively, and so do cultural values that spirituality refers itself to. This is spirituality in its subjective meaning. Objectivation of spirituality can be defined as the potential for culture that is being actualized in the changes in the system of cultural universals. The spirit of culture is free and thus capable of such changes. Otherwise, there is no culture, but only its formal outer shell called civilisation.
This collection includes copies of reports and participants are Russian scientific-practical conference on "Europe, Russia, Asia: Cooperation, contradictions, conflicts," held in Ryazan State University November 29, 2012. Designed for professionals, historians, teachers, schools and universities, undergraduate and graduate students of historical faculty.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.