Проблемы исторической географии и демографии России
The collection consists of articles, presented during two colloquia organized by the RAS Institute of russian history. The first one named “Historical geography in modern humanities” was hold in the fall of 2009, and another — “Geographical surroundings as a factor of urban development: modes of impact, forms to manifestate, ways to study” — in spring of 2010.
Primary Rusian Chronicle's notices on what is now called Western Europe and Catholic church can be divided into three groups. The first one (which can be traced back to the first half — middle of the 11th century) shows the awareness of the differences between two existing christian confessions, the second one (which most likely belongs to the so-called Načalnyj svod) is fiiled with hatred to the western neighbours, whlie the third one (corresponding to the Povest' Vremennykh Lět) shows that a kind of reconciliation was achieved and the christianity was understood by the chroniclers of the epoch as if it hadn´t ever divided.