Американский ежегодник. 2005
This issue contains materials of "round table" - "Actual problems of North American history". Articles on issues of political life of the XVIII century (socio- political theory of nationalists , the legacy of the Enlightenment in the field of women's education) ,on the Missouri Compromise (1819-1821), about public opinion in the period of "Jacksonian democracy", the role of the American press the end of XVIII - early XIX century. in the formation of cultural identity, the struggle for the restoration of North Union duringthe Civil War of 1861-1865. The history of XX century represented by articles on the economic relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union in 1920-1930, the fight against inflation, U.S. unions during the reconversion (1945-1948), etc. Readers will attract reflections on the state of American domestic and teaching U.S. history. Documents placed onestablishing the boundaries of Russian America and Russian -Canadian relations in the late XIX century. Bibliography of new works, as well as a list of theses on the history ofthe United States and Canada. For specialists in the history of North America and a wider range of readers.
This article is dedicated to Benjamin Rush,one of american Enlightmen of XVIII century.He was prominent physician («father of american phychiatry»),publisist,political figure and phylosopher. In his time Rush had no peer as a social reformer. Among many causes he championed were prison and judicial reform, abolition of slavery and death penalty, conservation of natural resources, education in USA and women's education.