Актуальные вопросы экономических наук: сборник материалов XXX Международной научно-практической конференции
Large-scale financial crisis, which led to a partial or absolute suspension of the core enterprises in 2008-2009 . Violated livelihoods set towns, of which 24% is concentrated in the country's urban population . Taking into account the importance of this problem , it should be noted that the toolkit , as well as strategies and tactics of its decisions do not have sufficient economic justification.
In addressing monocities closely interrelated aspects such as social policy , the prospects for development of small towns , the social responsibility of business , diversification of the economy and innovation. In the single-industry cities, which account for 14 % of total urban population of some 35 million people . According to the Institute for Regional Development 500 monotowns support required , and there are cities that are not formally come under the status of " towns" , but are in the same risk.
More and more researchers devote their work problems of development company towns not solely from an economic point of view, but from a social and environmental .
Need to address the development of single-industry towns in Russia is due to the following reasons :
a significant proportion of company towns are not in a state of crisis (not fit the definition );
in mono , in critical condition , an increase the number of social problems;
improving the quality of life in mono depends on optimizing the allocation of productive forces in Russia , the socio- economic development of its subjects.
A sectoral specialization of cities had and continues to have a significant influence on the development of the world economy . Analyzing the experience of other countries , you will notice that provided a consistent and comprehensive program of action to modernize monocities possible for several years to make a breakthrough .