Доклад о человеческом развитии в Российской Федерации 2013. Устойчивое развитие: Вызовы Рио
The 14th International Conference of the Russian Society for Ecological Economics RSEE-2017 will be devoted to the discussion of topical issues in the field of sustainable development of countries and regions, methodology and practices of establishing and developing the economic mechanisms of environmental management and protection. Topics include taxation of the use of natural resources and environmental impact, assessment and abatement of accumulated environmental damage, development of environmental target programs, management of ecological and economic systems, the problems of interactions between governmentt, business and society, environmental security.
⎯The study of the indices of developmental homeostasis in natural populations leads to the definition of the fundamentals of population developmental biology, which is associated with the assessment of the nature of phenotypic diversity and the mechanisms of population dynamics and microevolutionary changes. Characterization of environmental quality based on the assessment of population status by developmental homeostasis determines the fundamentals of the health of environment concept. The use of the ideas of developmental homeostasis and the health of environment in the studies of homeostatic mechanisms of biological systems of different levels (from the organism and population to the community and ecosystem) is promising. This gives new opportunities for understanding the mechanisms that provide sustainability and their ratio at different levels as well as for the characterization of ontogenetic stability significance. The notion of developmental homeostasis, or homeorhesis, is promising for the elaboration of the ecological and biological basics of sustainable development.
The article investigates the active resistance towards the implementation of environmental innovations in a branch of a large Russian oil and gas company. Within the research, both qualitative and quantitative methods are applied: in-depth interview and author’s questionnaire, developed on the basis of the concept of psychological relations by Poznyakov. The types of attitudes toward the concept of sustainable development are detached by the means of cluster analysis. Overall, 161 managers participated in the survey. «Declarative», «positive» and «negative» types of attitudes towards the concept of sustainable development are empirically identified and described.
Sustainable development, declared at the World Summit in Rio de Janejro in 1992, gradually became a landmark of economic policy for numerous leading countries of the world. Initiative belongs not only to the states but also to private sector in the form of big companies that wish to demonstrate their sustainability and reliability as partners, including not only financial, but environmental and social successes.
In order to develop common approach for reflecting environmental and social activities in corporate reports an international sr=tandard was developed - Global reporting initiative (GRI).
The main aim of GRI is to attain sustaibnable economy in the global scale when companies ensure reaching of relevant economic, environmental and social indicators, as well as adequate level of management system and transparent reporting.
The article also contain characteristics of environmental component of non-financial reporting according to the international standard.