The chapter presents new tendencies in Africa South of the Sahara in the first 15 years of the 21st century. Among these tendencies are the fall of many authocaratic regimes, attempts at economic reform and a new willingness to rid African societies of corruption. The chapter also speaks of the problems which hapmper the develoment of African countries today.
The review provides a detailed analysis of main trends in Russia's economy in 2007. The paper contains five big sections that highlight single aspects of Russia's economic development: the socio-political context; the monetary and credit and financial spheres; the real sector; social sphere; institutional challenges. The paper employs a huge mass of statistical data that forms the basis of original computation and numerous charts.
the anti-modrenization trend will become the main feature of the country's political regime for the immediate future - this trend dooms the regime for stagnation, making any attempts at technocratic renewal futile. In order to keep the situation under control, the regime will inevitably resort to greater, most likely pre-emptive, and therefore disproportional repression, which will further exacerabate political conflict.
The chapter analyzes development of political institutions in Russia since 1990 to the current days; the analysis includes all the principal institutions of the state, political parties and elections, center-periphery relations, etc. The general thrust of the author;s argument is that post-Communist Russia succeeded in building and developing all the necessary institutions of a modern state, but with time, excessive centripetal trends and concentration of power corrupted these instituins which are now considerably weak.
A report on addresses presented at panel «Law» of International scholar conference held in State University - Higher School of Economics under Government of Russian Federation, April 7 - 9, 2009, Moscow. The panel included sessions under the titles «Legal stimulus of social activity» and «Efficiency of law as factor of economic development» and round table «Law and economу».
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.